How to apply refugee in sweden09.04.2021
You must have lived in Sweden for a certain period of time
Apr 12, · STOCKHOLM (Reuters) – For Tusse, Sweden’s Eurovision Song Contest contender, it felt like entering a new world coming to the Nordic country at the age of eight from a Ugandan refugee camp. The year-old Tusse, short for Tousin Chiza, will represent Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest in the Netherlands in May with the song. More than 20, students in 75 countries took part in the MUN Refugee Challenge. And over , students learned about forced displacement through their peers and the UNHCR and refugee guest speakers who joined their MUN. The winning ideas were shared with policymakers during the High Commissioner’s Dialogue on Protection.
To become a Swedish citizen, you must fulfil the habitual residence qualification, which means that you must have been resident in Sweden for a certain period of time. Your period in Sweden with a permit to settle here is counted as your period of habitual residence. The period of required residency varies. In most cases you are required to have been resident in Sweden for at least five years. This period of residency must have been continuous. Other rules apply for those who are stateless or refugees.
To become a Swedish citizen, you must have been living in Sweden on a long-term basis for a certain period of time. As a rule you must have been resident in Sweden for a continuous period of five years. Habitual residence means that you are a long-term resident and intend to remain in Sweden. Whether you are allowed to count all your time in Sweden as a period of habitual residence depends on why you settled here and what permit you have had during your time here.
The main rule is that time with a residence permit that leads to a permanent residence permit is counted as a period of what type of skis for beginners residence. If you had a permanent residence permit or a residence permit for settlement when you entered Sweden, you count the duration of stay from your date of arrival.
Otherwise, the duration of stay is calculated from the date on which you submitted your application for a residence permit and were approved. If your application was initially rejected and you then submitted a new application, the time is counted from the date on which you received approval. This does not apply to Nordic citizens.
If you have been a legal resident of Sweden for five years but not requested a certificate of permanent right of residence or applied for a permanent residence card, we will determine whether you meet the conditions for right of residence when you apply for Swedish citizenship. If you have travelled abroad on, for example, short trips or holidays, this is of no importance for your period of habitual residence in Sweden.
But if you have been abroad for more than six weeks total in a yearthe whole period you were outside Sweden is deducted from the period of habitual residence.
If you move to another country and settle there your habitual residence is interrupted. You can start to count your habitual residence from the day you move back to Sweden again. If you have had a temporary residence permit in Sweden, for example a how to test thyristor with digital multimeter permit for visits, for studies as a visiting student or for a stay as an au pair, this time is not counted as a period of habitual residence.
This can also be the case if you work at the embassy or consulate of another country in Sweden. However, if you are studying or have studied at doctoral student level, you can, in certain cases, be allowed to count the period with a residence permit for studies as habitual residence. You are allowed to count this period if it is evident that you intended to stay in Sweden after completing your studies.
If you are married to, living in a registered partnership with or cohabiting with a Swedish citizen, you can apply for Swedish citizenship after three years. How to delete folders in gmail these cases, you must have been living together for the past two years.
It is not enough to be quiz on what career is right for me to one another, you must also live together.
If your partner used to have some citizenship other than Swedish citizenship or was stateless, he or she must have been a Swedish citizen for at least two years. You must also have adapted well to Swedish society during your time in Sweden.
Things we consider here can include the length of your marriage, your knowledge of the Swedish language and your ability to support yourself. If you have previously been in Sweden under an identity that is not your correct identity or if you have impeded the execution of a refusal-of-entry order by, for example, going into hiding, this may harm you possibilities of obtaining citizenship after three years.
You are required to have been resident in Sweden for at least four years if you are a refugee. In order to be considered a refugee, you must have been granted a residence permit as a refugee in accordance with Chapter 4, section 1 of the Aliens Act or corresponding sections in the old Aliens Act.
It is not sufficient that you were accepted within the scope of the refugee quota. If you have lived in Sweden under an identity that is not your correct identity, you are not allowed to count the period when you stayed in Sweden with an incorrect identity as a period of habitual residence. There are several exceptions to the requirement for five years of continuous residence in Sweden.
Here are some examples of who can be exempted from the requirement:. If you wish to ask the Migration Agency a question you can find our contact details under the heading Contact us. You must have lived in Sweden for a certain period of time.
Swedish svenska. Period of habitual residence To become a Swedish citizen, you must have been living in Sweden on a long-term basis for a certain period of time. Different types of residence permit If you have had a temporary residence permit in Sweden, for example a residence permit for visits, for studies as a visiting student or for a stay how to become a certified diamontologist an au pair, this time is not counted as a period of habitual residence.
Shorter period if you are living with a Swedish citizen If you are married to, living in a registered partnership with or cohabiting with a Swedish citizen, you can apply for Swedish citizenship after three years. If you are a refugee You are required to have been resident in Sweden for at least four years if you are a refugee. Other identity If you have lived in Sweden under an identity that is not your correct identity, you how to hack isa server not allowed to count the period when you stayed in Sweden with an incorrect identity as a period of habitual residence.
Here are some examples of who can be exempted from the requirement: An emigrant, formerly a Swedish citizen, who returns to Sweden. A person who is employed on a Swedish ship and who is registered in Sweden. A person who is in the employ of a Swedish company abroad and who has previously lived in Sweden.
A person who has been married to or been a cohabiting partner to a Swedish citizen abroad for at least ten years and who is resident in a country where he or she is not a citizen.
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A refugee travel document (also called a Convention travel document or Geneva passport) is a travel document issued to a refugee by the state in which they normally reside in allowing them to travel outside that state and to return there. Refugees are unlikely to be able to obtain passports from their state of nationality (from which they have sought asylum) and therefore need travel. Mar 15, · Sweden has signed the UN Refugee Convention, which means that the country has vowed to examine and grant asylum to people recognised as refugees according to the Convention. Most asylum seekers in came from Syria, Eritrea or were people with no state or country (stateless). UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, takes the lead in protecting people forced to flee wars and persecution around the world, providing life-saving aid including shelter, food and water to ensure their basic safety, rights and dignity.
A refugee , generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely.
Such a person may be called an asylum seeker until granted refugee status by the contracting state or the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR  if they formally make a claim for asylum. Similar terms in other languages have described an event marking migration of a specific population from a place of origin, such as the biblical account of Israelites fleeing from Assyrian conquest circa BCE [ citation needed ] , or the asylum found by the prophet Muhammad and his emigrant companions with helpers in Yathrib later Medina after they fled from persecution in Mecca.
It refers to "shelter or protection from danger or distress", from Latin fugere , "to flee", and refugium , "a taking [of] refuge, place to flee back to". In Western history, the term was first applied to French Protestant Huguenots looking for a safe place against Catholic persecution after the first Edict of Fontainebleau in The first modern definition of international refugee status came about under the League of Nations in from the Commission for Refugees. European Union's minimum standards definition of refugee, underlined by Art.
The same form of protection is foreseen for displaced people who, without being refugees, are nevertheless exposed, if returned to their countries of origin, to death penalty, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatments.
Refugee resettlement is defined as "an organized process of selection, transfer and arrival of individuals to another country. This definition is restrictive, as it does not account for the increasing prevalence of unmanaged migration processes.
Compared to the general construct of settlement, refugee integration has a greater focus on social, cultural and structural dimensions. This process includes the acquisition of legal rights, mastering the language and culture, reaching safety and stability, developing social connections and establishing the means and markers of integration, such as employment, housing and health. Canvas ceiling refers to "represents an extreme form of systemic marginalization that cuts across multiple levels and results in an interplay between the complex combinations of barriers at those levels.
That is, refugees experience interrelated effects of compound challenges that they must overcome in order to achieve adequately remunerated and commensurate employment with prospects for professional advancement.
The idea that a person who sought sanctuary in a holy place could not be harmed without inviting divine retribution was familiar to the ancient Greeks and ancient Egyptians. Similar laws were implemented throughout Europe in the Middle Ages.
The related concept of political exile also has a long history: Ovid was sent to Tomis ; Voltaire was sent to England. By the Peace of Westphalia , nations recognized each other's sovereignty. However, it was not until the advent of romantic nationalism in late 18th-century Europe that nationalism gained sufficient prevalence for the phrase country of nationality to become practically meaningful, and for border crossing to require that people provide identification.
The term "refugee" sometime applies to people who might fit the definition outlined by the Convention, were it applied retroactively. There are many candidates. The repeated waves of pogroms that swept Eastern Europe in the 19th and early 20th centuries prompted mass Jewish emigration more than 2 million Russian Jews emigrated in the period — Beginning in the 19th century, Muslim people emigrated to Turkey from Europe. The first international co-ordination of refugee affairs came with the creation by the League of Nations in of the High Commission for Refugees and the appointment of Fridtjof Nansen as its head.
Nansen and the Commission were charged with assisting the approximately 1,, people who fled the Russian Revolution of and the subsequent civil war — ,  p. It is estimated that about , Russian refugees became stateless when Lenin revoked citizenship for all Russian expatriates in In , the mandate of the Commission was expanded to include the more than one million Armenians who left Turkish Asia Minor in and due to a series of events now known as the Armenian Genocide.
Over the next several years, the mandate was expanded further to cover Assyrians and Turkish refugees. The population exchange between Greece and Turkey involved about two million people around 1. The U. The Immigration Act of was aimed at further restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, especially Jews , Italians and Slavs , who had begun to enter the country in large numbers beginning in the s. Its most notable achievement was the Nansen passport , a refugee travel document , for which it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Nansen Office was plagued by problems of financing, an increase in refugee numbers, and a lack of co-operation from some member states, which led to mixed success overall. However, the Nansen Office managed to lead fourteen nations to ratify the Refugee Convention, an early, and relatively modest, attempt at a human rights charter, and in general assisted around one million refugees worldwide. The rise of Nazism led to such a very large increase in the number of refugees from Germany that in the League created a high commission for refugees coming from Germany.
Besides other measures by the Nazis which created fear and flight, Jews were stripped of German citizenship [B] by the Reich Citizenship Law of The mandate of the High Commission was subsequently expanded to include persons from Austria and Sudetenland , which Germany annexed after 1 October in accordance with the Munich Agreement.
According to the Institute for Refugee Assistance, the actual count of refugees from Czechoslovakia on 1 March stood at almost , By the end of the War, Europe had more than 40 million refugees.
Even two years after the end of War, some , people still lived in DP camps across Western Europe. By , over , refugees were still in Europe, most of them old, infirm, crippled, or otherwise disabled. After the Soviet armed forces captured eastern Poland from the Germans in , the Soviets unilaterally declared a new frontier between the Soviet Union and Poland approximately at the Curzon Line , despite the protestations from the Polish government-in-exile in London and the western Allies at the Teheran Conference and the Yalta Conference of February After the German surrender on 7 May , the Allies occupied the remainder of Germany, and the Berlin declaration of 5 June confirmed the unfortunate help of the second division team of Cruzeiro of Allied-occupied Germany according to the Yalta Conference, which stipulated the continued existence of the German Reich as a whole, which would include its eastern territories as of 31 December This did not impact on Poland's eastern border, and Stalin refused to be removed from these eastern Polish territories.
Since the spring of the Poles had been forcefully expelling the remaining German population in these provinces. When the Allies met in Potsdam on 17 July at the Potsdam Conference , a chaotic refugee situation faced the occupying powers.
Article XII ordered that the remaining German populations in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary be transferred west in an "orderly and humane" manner. This entailed the largest population transfer in history. In all 15 million Germans were affected, and more than two million perished during the expulsions of the German population. Between the end of War and the erection of the Berlin Wall in , more than , refugees from East Germany traveled to West Germany for asylum from the Soviet occupation.
During the same period, millions of former Russian citizens were forcefully repatriated against their will into the USSR. When the war ended in May , British and United States civilian authorities ordered their military forces in Europe to deport to the Soviet Union millions of former residents of the USSR, including many persons who had left Russia and established different citizenship decades before.
The forced repatriation operations took place from to About 3 million had been forced laborers Ostarbeiters  in Germany and occupied territories.
Of the 5. Poland and Soviet Ukraine conducted population exchanges following the imposition of a new Poland-Soviet border at the Curzon Line in About 2,, Poles were expelled west of the new border see Repatriation of Poles , while about , Ukrainians were expelled to the east of the new border.
A further , Ukrainians left southeast Poland more or less voluntarily between and Due to the report of the U. Committee for Refugees , 10 to 15 percent of 7,5 million Azerbaijani population were refugees or displaced people.
While the handover was originally planned to take place at the beginning of , it did not occur until July It was dissolved in after resettling about one million refugees. The Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 December , specified the agency's field of operations.
Controversially, this defined "persons of German ethnic origin" who had been expelled, or were to be expelled from their countries of birth into the postwar Germany, as individuals who would "not be the concern of the Organization. Also, because of disagreements between the Western allies and the Soviet Union, the IRO only worked in areas controlled by Western armies of occupation. With the occurrence of major instances of diaspora and forced migration , the study of their causes and implications has emerged as a legitimate interdisciplinary area of research, and began to rise by mid to late 20th century, after World War II.
Although significant contributions had been made before, the latter half of the 20th century saw the establishment of institutions dedicated to the study of refugees, such as the Association for the Study of the World Refugee Problem, which was closely followed by the founding of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
In particular, the volume of the International Migration Review defined refugee studies as "a comprehensive, historical, interdisciplinary and comparative perspective which focuses on the consistencies and patterns in the refugee experience. Most notably in , the Journal of Refugee Studies was established as the field's first major interdisciplinary journal.
The emergence of refugee studies as a distinct field of study has been criticized by scholars due to terminological difficulty. Since no universally accepted definition for the term "refugee" exists, the academic respectability of the policy-based definition, as outlined in the Refugee Convention , is disputed. Additionally, academics have critiqued the lack of a theoretical basis of refugee studies and dominance of policy-oriented research.
In response, scholars have attempted to steer the field toward establishing a theoretical groundwork of refugee studies through "situating studies of particular refugee and other forced migrant groups in the theories of cognate areas and major disciplines , [providing] an opportunity to use the particular circumstances of refugee situations to illuminate these more general theories and thus participate in the development of social science, rather than leading refugee studies into an intellectual cul-de-sac.
It protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in providing durable solutions, such as return or resettlement. All refugees in the world are under UNHCR mandate except Palestinian refugees , who fled the current state of Israel between and , as a result of the Palestine War.
Moreover, the UNHCR also provides protection and assistance to other categories of displaced persons: asylum seekers, refugees who returned home voluntarily but still need help rebuilding their lives, local civilian communities directly affected by large refugee movements, stateless people and so-called internally displaced people IDPs , as well as people in refugee-like and IDP-like situations. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and to resolve refugee problems worldwide.
Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another state or territory and to offer "durable solutions" to refugees and refugee hosting countries. A refugee camp is a place built by governments or NGOs such as the Red Cross to receive refugees, internally displaced persons or sometimes also other migrants.
It is usually designed to offer acute and temporary accommodation and services and any more permanent facilities and structures often banned. People may stay in these camps for many years, receiving emergency food, education and medical aid until it is safe enough to return to their country of origin.
There, refugees are at risk of disease, child soldier and terrorist recruitment, and physical and sexual violence. There are estimated to be refugee camp locations worldwide. The residency status in the host country whilst under temporary UNHCR protection is very uncertain as refugees are only granted temporary visas that have to be regularly renewed. Rather than only safeguarding the rights and basic well-being of refugees in the camps or in urban settings on a temporary basis the UNHCR's ultimate goal is to find one of the three durable solutions for refugees: integration, repatriation, resettlement.
Local integration is aiming at providing the refugee with the permanent right to stay in the country of asylum, including, in some situations, as a naturalized citizen. It follows the formal granting of refugee status by the country of asylum. It is difficult to quantify the number of refugees who settled and integrated in their first country of asylum and only the number of naturalisations can give an indication.
Voluntary return of refugees into their country of origin, in safety and dignity, is based on their free will and their informed decision. In the last couple of years parts of or even whole refugee populations were able to return to their home countries: e.
In , the governments of Kenya and Somalia also signed a tripartite agreement facilitating the repatriation of refugees from Somalia. Many developed countries also have Assisted Voluntary Return AVR programmes for asylum seekers who want to go back or were refused asylum.
Third country resettlement involves the assisted transfer of refugees from the country in which they have sought asylum to a safe third country that has agreed to admit them as refugees. This can be for permanent settlement or limited to a certain number of years. It is the third durable solution and it can only be considered once the two other solutions have proved impossible. These are civilians who have been forced to flee their homes, but who have not reached a neighboring country.
IDPs do not fit the legal definition of a refugee under the Refugee Convention , Protocol and the Organization for African Unity Convention , because they have not left their country. As the nature of war has changed in the last few decades, with more and more internal conflicts replacing interstate wars, the number of IDPs has increased significantly.