How to prune a apple tree video12.03.2021
How to Prune Apple Trees in Winter
Feb 27, †Ј How to Prune an Apple Tree is a question I often get this time of year. In today's video I will be going through how to prune the apple trees in your garden. May 05, †Ј Learn how to prune an apple tree to a modified central leader system in three steps. Demonstrated by experts Jerry Goodspeed and JayDee Gunnell at the USU Bo.
Ever since the beginning of time, ro trees have been of ttee importance to supply people with tasty fruits. Pruning is an important step to help the apple trees to grow, develop and regenerate to offer as many fruits as possible. If you start pruning too early in the winter, the cuts will remain open and unprotected to low temperatures during winter until the growth what is the elect document resumes in late March.
Dormant state Ч a tree is in a dormant state in the winter, usually between November and February. During this state, vieo the leaves have fallen, and the tree is basically in energy-saving mode, focusing its processes in the roots, the tree trunk, and the main branches. Flower buds Ч are larger than growth buds and produce flowers aple in turn mature into fruit. Growth buds Ч they have a appls pointy shape than flower buds and they grow flush with the branch.
Terminal buds Ч can be found at the tip of branches and when they are removed, the buds below them are stimulated to produce woody side shoots which will later develop into branches.
Leader branch Ч a branch vidro grows upwards ahead of other branches and can be found in the center of the branches. Whorl Ч the location of three or more branches, usually found it mature unpruned trees. Water sprouts Ч thin branches that grow from later branches of the tree and do not produce any fruit. Pruning is done for the following reasons:. There are several options when it comes to deciding which type of shape you want to pick for your apple tree. Start your pruning by removing any diseased, damaged or dead tere you encounter.
Plus, diseased limbs also have different coloring than the rest of the branches. Make the first cut just below the branch, about hoe few centimeters from the trunk. Make a second cut a few centimeters below the first and cut all the way through. You should be left with a stump which can be easily how to write a good market research report from the tree.
To stimulate growth, you can make good use of heading cuts. Heading cuts are made along the length of the branch. Heading cuts are needed especially for young trees, but as the tree ages, heading cuts are no viddeo necessary because mature trees are seldom in need of new branches.
Make the heading cuts above growth buds that are facing outwards, so that new branches can develop away from the tree. Heading cuts are very what date is the commonwealth games 2014 to trde young apple trees. For example, a heading cut made on the central leader branch will produce a new horizontal branch. Avoid heading cuts once the shape of the apple tree what are the drawbacks of using the internet completed or use them sparsely to avoid overcrowding the tree.
If you want to shorten thin lateral branches using how to deal with ingrown hairs bikini line cuts, make the cuts in old wood to have less new growth. Thinning cuts are made to remove entire branches or limbs and to open the interior of the tree to receive more sunlight.
Thinning cuts are used very often to prune apple trees because you have to remove excess branches more often than you have to vdeo new ones. Remove branches that cross each other or that are facing downwards.
Crossing branches can cause wounds because they rub against each other and open wounds are also an open invitation to disease. Vertical branches will compete with the leader and they will close off the top of the tree and shade the rtee growing below.
You should remove at most one-third of the interior branches. Regarding upper branches, you want them shorter than the lower branches, to have evenly distributed sunlight. Finally, when it comes to flower budssometimes you may need to thin those out as well. Spurs should have only flower buds to have decent sized fruits. If you just started your apple tree orchard or if you have a new apple viddo in your yard, you should know that ho branches are sturdy enough to hold the weight gree lots of fruit.
Make heading cuts q remove just a quarter or a third of the growth from the previous season. You can also reduce the length of the leader branch by a quarter or even by a third because this helps the vieeo redirect its energy towards new growth lower down. Subsequently, pruning and harvesting are easier as the apple tree matures. In this case, pruning is done just like you would do hos any other apple tree. However, keep in mind that it takes years to restore an apple tree that has been ro and only after a careful assessment.
In other words, if the main framework of the tree is badly damaged or if you have to cut too much diseased or dead wood, it may not be worth your effort. Now you should be all set up to start pruning. Your email address will not appke published. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting. When is the best time to prune an apple tree? Spurs Ч branches that produce fruit, in this tgee, apples.
Pruning is done for the following reasons: To establish the basic structure of the apple tree, to make it easier to care for and to obtain a higher yield. To remove diseased or dead wood and to maintain the health of the tree. To allow the sunlight to help the fruits ripen evenly. Choosing your apple tree shape There are several options when it comes to deciding which type of shape you want to pick for your apple tree.
A conical shape gives the highest yield and it the most commonly used in apple orchards. A round shape is also easy to control, by modifying the shape of the leader branch. A vase shape allows having an open center, which makes it how to prune a apple tree video easier to pick the apples, depending on the fruit-picking method used in the orchard.
What to cut and what to keep when pruning an apple tree? Final tips for the perfect apple tree pruning Start with the bigger cuts first. Make clean cuts. Your pruning tools should be sharp and clean because it helps you a great deal to do your work.
If you do a lot of pruning, you may need to stop from time to time and re-sharpen your tools. If you need to use a saw to cut larger branchesmake a shallow undercut first before you cut all the way through from above to avoid ripping off the protective bark of the prkne.
Thick or long limbs should be cut into sections. Stop from time to time and check the progress, to see if the shape of the tree is what you want it to be and to trew out branches here hlw there.
How to prune young apple trees If you just started your apple tree orchard or if you have a new apple tree in your yard, you should know that young branches are sturdy enough to hold the weight of lots of fruit. Share this Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Iconic One Theme Powered by Wordpress.
When to Prune Apple Trees
wikiHow Quick Video on How to Prune Apple Trees. To prune apple trees, wait until spring and early summer. Then, use hand pruners and loppers to cut off any downward growing branches or branches that are dead or diseased. You should also prune any suckers that are growing at the base of the apple tree. As you prune, try to maintain a slightly conical shape so the tree is thicker at the base. Feb 25, †Ј The UMN Extension Horticulture team has you covered with videos and written instructions on how to prune home apple trees. This 3-part video series shows how to prune your mature apple tree. Old or overgrown apple trees. Do you have a tree that is overgrown, old or neglected, that hasn't been pruned in a few years? You're not alone. vitoriayvitorianos.com?id=&ref=yt > 0%OFF!! HiSeedLED 40mm pruning shear electric apple tree electric pruning machine.
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. You can read my full disclosure statement here. Pruning apple trees is essential to keep them in good health, and to produce good yields. Many people are overcome and don't know where to start when it comes to pruning their own apple trees. Let this article be your guide, and hopefully it will help alleviate your fears.
Our favorite Homesteading and Gardening tools in our Amazon Shop! Our Garden Harvest Tally Spreadsheet is now available! Samurai saw and Felco Pruners. These two tools are recommended by master arborist Paul Gautschi, who I talk about below. This Samurai Japanese pruning saw cuts through the branches like butter.
And these Felco F-8 pruners , are excellent. Paul has used his pruners for so long, the red plastic layer on the handles has worn off to the blue beneath. I really like how they came with an extra blade as well. Do NOT use loppers. They are not the best tool for pruning. Thankfully, I watched the Back to Eden gardening film online a few years ago. The film is a documentary, featuring Paul Gautschi, a master arborist. Not only does he share his famous no-till method of gardening with wood chips, but he also opens up his garden once a week in the summers for tours.
He also opens up it up for pruning lessons in the winter and teaches people how to prune apple trees. I have on my bucket list to get over there and see his work first hand, as he is also in the Pacific NW.
Thankfully, many folks have video taped his tours and lessons, and they are available on YouTube to watch. Thank you to L2Survive for allowing me to share this video. Several years ago, I came across a video of Paul Gautschi giving a lesson on how to prune apple trees on YouTube, and it all began to click for me. I've watched him every year before I begin pruning, to remind me of what the trees are supposed to look like afterwards. Over the last 3 years, I feel like my trees are finally taking the shape that they are supposed too.
It is so wonderful to have his knowledge documented in a way we can all benefit. You can find a plethora of wonderful video's of Paul Gautschi sharing his gardening knowledge, from how he uses chickens in his garden, to how he grafts pear trees and more.
Please do check it out! Ideally, you want to prune apple trees in late winter, before new growth begins developing on the tree. This may depend on where you live and how long your winters are.
It may also depend on how many trees you have to do! Here in the PNW in garden zone 8b, you can start as early as January and usually can go thru February. Unless we have a long warm spell.
Ideally, you want to be done before the tree starts opening buds. So if you have really long cold winters, this may be much later for you. Watch your trees, and keep notes. Take note of when you start seeing the buds swell up, and when they open. Then next year, you will have a better idea of when you will need to be done pruning based on the notes you took this year. You can also do some minor pruning in the summer, mostly just to take those vertical straight up growing water shoots out.
If you watch some of the video's of Paul on YouTube, he does cover this in one of them. I will have to try and find it. Basically, he watches his trees closely. When they start growing new upward branches, also called shoots, he just rubs them off with his finger. I have tried this, and it does work!
If you let them go too long, they will be to hard to pinch off. By pruning off these new upward shoots, it tells the tree to send its roots deeper, which is always a good thing. Especially in a drought.
So it is a good ideas to follow this practice. It is never wise to remove more than a third of the tree at one time. So fixing trees that have become over grown or that have been neglected, takes time. Usually over the course of several years. This is currently what I am doing with my own trees, as they were pruned incorrectly from the start. I have been "fixing" them for the last three years, and feel like the pruning they will receive next year, will finally have them moving in the right direction.
So don't get too gung ho and take off too much at once. Remember the one third rule and just do what you can each year. Paul talks a bit about this in the video above. His rule of thumb is that his trees cannot be taller than he can reach to harvest the fruit. His reason being he doesn't want to use a ladder. This is easy to do. Just remember it may take time if you are working with an overgrown tree. It is easier to do if you are working with a young tree from the start.
And remember the one third rule, do not remove more than a third of the tree in one pruning. And work from the center out. Your first year, you may just need to remove some height while also trying to open it up to air and light as I talk about below. The next year, may be more of the same. As you get the tree down to a scale you are happy with, then you can work on the more traditional shaping using Paul's video above as inspiration.
Besides the tools I use, the other basic tip on how to prune fruit trees, is to open them up to air and light and work from the inside out.
Start in the middle, opening it up. Then work your way out. If one branch is directly above another branch, one has to go because the lower branch is blocked from light by the branch above it.
Look at them both and decide which is the better one to keep. Is the upper branch too high for you to reach? Than take it out. Is the lower one too low to the ground? Than leave the higher branch and take the lower one out. Same goes for forks in a branch. If a branch has a 3 way fork, take out the center fork, to open up the outer sprigs for more light and air circulation. Use the saw for larger branches, and the pruners, for smaller limbs. Trim back branches to a bud that is growing in the direction you want.
Remember you want the tree to grow open and outward, so don't choose a bud that is going to grow back into the center of the tree. When taking out a whole branch, Paul recommends trimming right at the collar. Others will tell you to cut above the collar. But in Paul's video above, you can see how well his trees have healed over doing it his way. So that is the way I choose to do it.
Also take out any vertically growing branches which are called water shoots. Than when new growth is really coming on later in the spring or early summer, watch for new water shoots that may be starting to grow. If you catch them early enough, you can just rub that new growth off with your thumb, or use the pruners to nip them off when small.
The Japanese Samurai pruning saw make cutting thru the branches so easy. For years, I was never sure quite how to prune apple trees. We planted 10 apples trees when we were building this house almost 20 years ago and every winter, I just let my husband go at them with the loppers. Cutting off all the shoots that went straight up.
I new there was more to it, but didn't really know what. I have since learned, using loppers at all for pruning, according to Paul Gautschi, is a no no.
The helps keep weeds and grass away, and the mulch keeps them from needing to be watered as often. You may need to add a lighter layer of wood chips every other year or so. Then sprinkle with a light layer of composted chicken manure each spring.
If you have pests, you will need to spray with a dormant oil in late winter or early spring, before the new growth on the tree appears. The oil will help smother the pests or their offspring who may be hatching soon. A fixed copper fungicide spray can help apple scab, cedar-apple rust and powdery mildew.