What are the basics of sharia law

12.10.2020 By Bratilar

what are the basics of sharia law

Shariah Law: The Five Things Every Non-Muslim (and Muslim) Should Know

Jun 09, †Ј In its Islamic context, Sharia may be defined as the totality of GodТs commands and exhortations, intended to regulate all aspects of human conduct and guide believers on the path of eternal salvation. Muslims generally believe that God at various times in human history chose to send his messengers, the prophets, to reveal the Sharia to the peoples of this world and that the Prophet . As a legal system, the Sharia law is exceptionally broad. While other legal codes regulate public behavior, Sharia regulates public behavior, private behavior, and even private beliefs. Compared to other legal codes, the Sharia law also prioritizes punishment over rehabilitation and favors corporal and capital punishments over incarceration.

Sadly their violence continues to kill innocents around the world and here sgaria home. They fight in the cause of Jihad to impose their totalitarian religion on all people. But they are not the only ones working toward that goal. There are other Islamist groups who seem much less dangerous on the what kind of chalk to use for hair chalking, but actually represent an even more insidious threat to free western society.

They seek to use our very freedoms how long to get irs tax refund weapons against us.

An essential, scholarly comparison of the rights of women under Sharia and in the West. Women in the West are viewed as being equal to men from both an ontological and juridical perspective.

Now, that is not to say that women have never been unjustly discriminated against in the West. On the contrary, it how to hook up 2 screens to a computer a sad truth of history that throughout the centuries women in Western societies were often discriminated against. Nowadays there are many principles that are enshrined in Western law to protect the rights of women.

For how to pronounce miep gies, in the West, the testimony of a woman is whay heldЧincluding in courtsЧto have the same value as the testimony of a man. Domestic violence against wives in the West is strictly prohibited, though unfortunately it is still practiced by some husbands. Furthermore, divorce is just as easy for a wife as it is for a husband to file for. In addition, there is no discrimination against women when it comes to inheritance.

Women are not disenfranchised of their fair share of inheritance just because they happen to be women. In the West women can also, for the most part, dress in any way that they desire without great social repercussionsЧand certainly not any legal repercussions. The practice of syaria is strictly prohibited in Western countries. The codification of monogamy into law goes at least as far back as Greco-Roman times.

As a matter of fact, polygamy is seen in the West not only as an immoral practice but also as a practice that disenfranchises women. Moreover, Western countries take a strict stance on sexual exploitation and prohibit men from marrying or having sexual relations with pre-pubescent girls. And it goes without saying that Western countries strictly prohibit their soldiers from taking female what is junior achievement volunteer slaves in times of war.

In sum, Western countries today treat women overall as equal to men, and there is no question that Western women enjoy individual freedoms. Western countries are the best places for women to live, where they can ascend to the highest seats of power in the land think of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, UK Prime Minister Theresa May, and former U.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton through democratic processes, and where this is no theoretical eharia to female leaders. Whereas under Western laws women and men are equal, under Sharia women are not equal to men, but are considered inferior. Women are the object of many disparaging remarks in the earliest Islamic source ade, which form the basis for Sharia.

Men are the managers of the affairs of women tue that God has preferred in bounty one of them over another, and for that they have expended of their property. And those you fear may be rebellious admonish; banish sharka to their couches, and beat them. If they then obey you, look not for any way against them; God is All-high, All-great. And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there how to make a water level tool not two men [available], then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses Ч so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her.

According to Q and Qa woman may inherit only half as much as her male brother does. According to Qsexual relations with females who have not yet had their menstrual cycle i. Q If she does not menstruate, she may be a minor or beyond the age of menstruation. It should be noted here that one of the most sahria Muslim figures of all times is unequivocally implying that marriage and sexual relations with pre-pubescent girls in Islam are licit.

Sharia frowns upon female rulers. In the Muslim world you did occasionally have female rulers like Shajarat al-Durr d. In more recent times, Benazir Bhutto won the elections in Pakistan and became Prime Minister of that country for two non-consecutive termsand So did Shikha Hasina, who won elections three times and is currently the Lad Minister of Bangladesh.

Under Sharia, a husband has absolute authority over his wife. It is unlawful for her to travel otherwise, and unlawful for her husband to allow her. Regardless of whether this custom was deemed ate be socially acceptable by the seventh-century standards of Arabia, today only the very rare wife would find it permissible for her husband to marry another woman, let alone two or three more, even if she keeps her sharua as first wife.

Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you women. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. Wbat cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you. What is deficient in our intelligence and religion? Having female slaves, Droge explains, is permissible even when the Muslim male is married.

The above excerpt makes it abundantly clear that the guard wanted to guard Muhammad because shariq perceived him to be forcefully having sex with someone who must have harbored deep resentment and hatred for him because of his slaughter of her kin, particularly her father and her husband.

Of all men the What are the basics of sharia law was the one I hated the most, for he had killed my husband, father and brother.

Typically Westernized Muslims, if they are even aware of the existence of such stories in the earliest and most reliable biography of Muhammad, will dismiss them as ahistorical, and as having nothing baaics to do with pure and unadulterated Islam. However, there is no non-ad hoc reason to believe that these unpleasant events are not historical, whilst at the same time affirming that records more consonant with Western sensibilities are.

There is no question that taking female captives in warfare is a practice that is sanctioned in the earliest Islamic sources; this practice or how to make a divan base is not just an innovation of groups like ISIS. And this is not just something how to get from split to sibenik only so-called Islamophobic Westerners point out.

Indeed, Dr. She gives an example involving Israelis, stating that were Israel sharai fall, it would be permissible to take Israeli women as captives and use them for sexual gratification in order to humiliate them. The irony that Dr. But the irony is lost presumably because the former dean is utterly convinced that using female captives for sexual gratification is not how to estimate snow removal costs that is inhumaneЧafter all, from her perspective, the flawless religion of Islam and the ideal for all mankind, Muhammad, sanction the practice.

Sharia then enjoins upon its adherents a profoundly un-egalitarian ethic, whereby women are deemed inferior to men. People who are endeared to the egalitarian-Western principles, particularly those who are Europeans, must fight the proliferation of Sharia ideas in their homeland.

But in order to fight a fascistic and misogynistic ideology like Islamism, it is necessary for adherents of egalitarian-Western principles to first understand the motivations of Islamists. And, make no mistake, the reasons that Islamists advance for just about everything they do, including their oppression of women, are based almost exclusively on their religious ideology.

None of the sources cited above are exclusively political or social in natureЧthey are religious Islamic sources. Now, the job of Western leaders and those in the intelligence community is to educate themselves about the underlying religious motivations of Islamists and not censor talk about Islam in willful blindness.

Muslim reformerson the other hand, are tasked with the more difficult job of reforming Islam,and rejecting interpretations or Islamic source texts that are at odds with contemporary Western and egalitarian values. Muslim reformers need to focus on cultivating a peaceful and tolerant Islam, one that bestows a much higher place to women than traditional Islam, and one which is not a prisoner to the above- interpretations or source texts.

This is unlikely to convince any Muslim with a proclivity to the less palatable interpretations of Islam, and certainly not those who are intimately familiar with the source texts.

The reformer will very likely be unable to provide a satisfactory answer here. So Muslim reformers need a way to reform Islam without playing fast and loose with the source texts, an endeavor which is bound to baslcs the proof of this is that so far whatt has failed miserably. Now, the reformation of Islam is a burden that what channel cbs on dish Muslims must carry themselvesЧreform cannot be imposed from outside the Muslim umma, but must arise naturally and organically within it.

In a word, it is for Muslims themselves to go about the very difficult task of reforming Islam. And they would be correct. Scholars like Reynolds are, as he himself notes, in the minority here.

Orientalists still follow the methodology of the great Islamicist, Theodore Noldeke Чwhich is different from the traditional Muslim approach to the sources only insofar ahat it utilizes a more critical approach. All things being equal, the less that is known about the context of an ancient text, the greater the plausible interpretations of the text. This is just one of a few putative approaches that Muslim reformers can adopt in order to combat certain religious doctrines that are not compatible with an egalitarian and Western ethic.

Whatever the path that Muslim reformers take, it will certainly be an uphill how to make a airsoft trip wire for them. And after being on the receiving end of many death threats for his unorthodox views, he sought political asylum in the United States and was granted it in Likewise, Sayyid Al-Qumni is currently being taken to court in Egypt for his allegedly blasphemous reformist views.

These courageous reformers are leading the drive towards reforming Islam, but when it comes to women under sharia, Muslim women themselves should be more proactive and they should take the lead in demanding equal treatment.

As can be seen from the above, there is much in the Islamic source texts that is not compatible with contemporary Western conceptions of the equality of man and woman.

However, there are possible pathways for reforming these elements of Islam. And reformists who apply an intellectually consistent methodology, people like Dr. Wafik Nasry, trans. See, e. Adil Salhi and A. Shamis Markfield, Leicester: Islamic Foundation Q ]. J Droge, trans. And since it is practically impossible for husbands to treat more than one wife equally, some Muslim reformists have taken this to mean that polygyny is almost never permissible.

The only exception to this rule is Muhammad himself, who had more than what are the basics of sharia law wives. Q is generally appealed to by Muslims as endowing Muhammad with this prophetic charism. Droge, trans. Edward W. Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon vol. There are several lines of evidence zharia point to this being an aggressive conquest and not one done out of self-defense.

For example, the people of Khaybar were clearly not expecting any attack, as they would if this were indeed an attack done out of self-defense. Ahsan Khan Nyzazee, Stern and C.

What does this mean in practice?

Aug 09, †Ј Sharia law is a religious law that lays down governing principles for spiritual, mental, and physical behavior that must be followed by Muslims. It categorizes all manТs acts into five distinct categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, discouraged, and forbidden. This essay refers only to Sharia law as found in the Sunni Islamic tradition; this includes about 85% of all Muslims. For coverage of the Shi'a interpretatations of Sharia law, the book "An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism" by Moojan Momen has been recommended as a good source of information. Jan 24, †Ј Share. The Qur'an is the principal source of Islamic law, the Sharia. It contains the rules by which the Muslim world is governed (or should govern itself) and forms the basis for relations between man and God, between individuals, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, as well as between man and things which are part of creation. The Sharia contains the rules by which a Muslim society is organized and .

Shariah is the law of the Qur'an and literally means "A path to life giving water. Therefore, Shariah is actually ingrained in Abrahamic tradition.

Shariah is comprised of five main branches: adab behavior, morals and manners , ibadah ritual worship , i'tiqadat beliefs , mu'amalat transactions and contracts and 'uqubat punishments. These branches combine to create a society based on justice, pluralism and equity for every member of that society. Furthermore, Shariah forbids that it be imposed on any unwilling person.

Islam's founder, Prophet Muhammad, demonstrated that Shariah may only be applied if people willingly apply it to themselves--never through forced government implementation. Additionally, the Qur'an does not promote any specific form of government, but requires that the form people choose must be based on adl or "absolute justice. He admonishes you that you may take heed" Notice, religious preference is never mentioned.

Therefore, in ruling with absolute justice, for example, the righteous Jewish King Solomon ruled as a just monarch based on this fundamental principle of Shariah Law--justice. Do Muslims want Shariah to rule America? Remember, the Qur'an teaches that religion must not be a matter of the state. Shariah is a personal relationship with God. Not a single non-Muslim was held to Shariah because Shariah itself forbids compulsion. The Qur'an clearly says, "There is no compulsion in religion" Furthermore, Shariah obliges Muslims to be loyal to their nation of residence.

First, Shariah is a personal relationship between a Muslim and God. The First Amendment forbids Congress from passing laws that restrict the free exercise of religion--particularly private exercise. Second, if Shariah was banned, then American Muslims could not marry, inherit, write wills or choose to divorce per Islam's guidelines.

If similar restrictions were imposed for other faith groups, then no Minister could conduct a marriage ceremony, no Catholic Bishop could read the last rites and no Rabbi could perform circumcision on an infant male Jewish child--because these are all Judeo-Christian religious laws.

Even within our current legal system, American Jews regularly resolve civil matters through rabbinical courts known as beit din. American Muslims simply want to enjoy their same constitutionally guaranteed right. Shariah law champions absolute freedom of conscience and freedom of religion. For example, the Qur'an goes as far as to oblige Muslims to fight on behalf of Jews, Christians and people of other faiths and to protect their churches, synagogues and temples from attack.

When Prophet Muhammad peacefully became the ruler of Arabia, his primary condition for non-Muslims and Muslims to reside in Arabia was that they allow all people of all faiths--be they Jews, Christians, Muslims or idol worshipers--to worship in peace and without oppression. Such countries have ignored the fundamental tenet of justice inherent in Shariah Law, and have instead used Shariah as an excuse to gain power and sanction religious extremism.

To be sure, not a single example of a "Shariah compliant" country exists. In fact, the most "Muslim country" in the world is likely America, because America guarantees freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of expression and freedom of thought--all hallmarks of Shariah Law. Those nations that oppress in the name of Shariah are as justified in their claims, as the slave owners who claimed their right to slavery was based on the Bible.

As for the "violent" verses from the Qur'an that are cited by both extremists and critics--honest legal interpretation abhors quoting an excerpt as a means to understand the full law. Unfortunately, both extremists and critics refuse to adhere to this basic principle. In sum, Shariah law guides a Muslim's personal relationship with God, just as the Old and New Testaments guide Jews and Christians in their personal relationships with God.

These paths to life-giving water are nothing to fear. US Edition U. Coronavirus News U. Politics Joe Biden Congress Extremism. Special Projects Highline. HuffPost Personal Video Horoscopes. Terms Privacy Policy. Part of HuffPost Religion. All rights reserved. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. What does Shariah mean? If Muslims don't want Shariah to rule America, then so what if it's banned?

What does Shariah say about other religions? What about countries that oppress people and claim they follow Shariah? Calling all HuffPost superfans! Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter. Join HuffPost. Today is National Voter Registration Day!