What did sieur de lasalle discover25.03.2021
Rene R. de La Salle
Mar 15, · Rene-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, (born November 22, , Rouen, France—died March 19, , near Brazos River [now in Texas, U.S.]), French explorer in North America who led an expedition down the Illinois and Mississippi rivers and claimed all the region watered by the Mississippi and its tributaries for Louis XIV of France, naming the region “Louisiana.” A few years later, in a . Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was born at Rouen, in Normandy, on the twenty-first of November, He belonged to a wealthy middle-class family. At the age of fifteen, he was enrolled in the Jesuit noviciate of Rouen, and he took his vows in Five years later he .
His last expedition to establish fur trading posts failed and cost La Salle his life in La Salle was born into a wealthy merchant family in Rouen, France, on November 22, When La Salle was 15, he gave up his inheritance to become a Jesuit priest.
However, by age 22, La Salle found himself attracted to adventure and asked to be sent abroad as a missionary to join his brother, Jean, who had been in New France Canada for a year and was a priest of the Seminary of St.
With no craft and no funds, La Salle was nearly destitute when he landed on the island of Montreal in Sulpice had laid claim to areas on the island of Montreal and was granting land to settlers for protection against the Iroquois. Soon after his arrival, La How to use e.l.f foundation brush received a land grant.
He quickly built a settlement, granted land to other settlers and initiated relations with the local natives. The Mohawks told him of a great river named the Ohio that flowed to the Mississippi and out to the sea.
La Salle thus became obsessed with the idea of finding a river in North America that flowed to China. ByLa Salle had prospered, controlling a large share of the fur trade, but relentless ambition drove him to seek more.
He once again sailed to France to obtain how to wear a speedo nose clip to explore the western part of New France and the Mississippi in hopes of finding a water route to China. La Salle returned to Montreal with dozens of men and Italian soldier of fortune Henri de Tonti, who became his devoted disciple.
The mission had to be suspended due to the loss of Le Griffonmost likely in a storm, and a mutiny by the sailors. La Salle was reputedly callous in his treatment of those he deemed subordinate. In April, they reached the Gulf of Mexico. On his return trip, La Salle established Fort St. Louis in Illinois. On July 24,La Salle set out for North America with a large contingent of four ships and sailors to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River and challenge Spanish rule in Mexico.
The expedition encountered problems nearly from the start. La Salle and the marine commander argued over navigation. One ship was lost to pirates in the West Indies. When the fleet finally landed at Matagorda Bay near present-day Houston, Texasthey were miles west of their intended what is causal attribution theory. There, a second ship sunk and a third headed back to France.
The last ship was wrecked by a drunken pilot, stranding the remaining crew on land. Most of the men died.
A second team set out but a few months later, a mutiny erupted and five men attacked and killed La Salle on March 19, Though La Salle failed in his last mission, his expeditions built a network of forts from Canada, across the Great Lakes and along the Ohio, Illinois and Mississippi rivers. This defensive front line established the French territory in North America and defined its commercial and diplomatic policy for almost a century.
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Attempts to expand New France
Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was an explorer best known for leading an expedition down the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. He claimed the region watered by the Mississippi and its. Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was a French explorer who explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France. Born in Rouen, France on November 22, , he came to Canada in and founded the first settlement near Montreal. Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, explorer, was born in St. Herbland parish, Rouen, France, on November 22, , the son of Catherine Geeset and Jean Cavelier. Cavelier was a wealthy wholesale merchant and "Master of the Brotherhood of Notre-Dame.".
La Salle was educated at a Jesuit college. He first studied for the priesthood, but at the age of 22 he found himself more attracted to adventure and exploration and in set out for Canada to seek his fortune. The young landlord farmed his land near the Lachine Rapids and, at the same time, set up a fur-trading outpost. Through contact with the Indians who came to sell their pelts, he learned various Indian dialects and heard stories of the lands beyond the settlements. He soon became obsessed with the idea of finding a way to the Orient through the rivers and lakes of the Western frontier.
If experience modified the visions of the dreamer, it enhanced the knowledge and skill of the pathfinder and trader. Having sold his land, La Salle set out in to explore the Ohio region. His discovery of the Ohio River , however, is not accepted by modern historians. Together, they pursued a policy of extending French military power by establishing a fort on Lake Ontario Fort- Frontenac , holding the Iroquois in check, and intercepting the fur trade between the Upper Lakes and the Dutch and English coastal settlements.
Their plans were strongly opposed by the Montreal merchants, who feared the loss of their trade, and by the missionaries especially the Jesuits , who were afraid of losing their influence over the Indians of the interior. At Fort-Frontenac, La Salle had control of a large share of the fur trade, and his affairs prospered.
But his restless ambition drove him to seek greater ends. Since the project had to be carried out at his own expense, however, he borrowed large sums in both Paris and Montreal, and he began to be enmeshed in a tangle of debts that was to blight all of his later enterprises. When he returned to Canada in , La Salle was accompanied by an Italian soldier of fortune, Henri de Tonty , who became his most loyal friend and ally. From the Seneca Indians above the Niagara Falls he learned how to make long journeys overland, on foot in any season, subsisting on game and a small bag of corn.
His trek from Niagara to Fort-Frontenac in the dead of winter won the admiration of a normally critical member of his expeditions, the friar Louis Hennepin. Proud and unyielding by nature, La Salle tried to bend others to his will and often demanded too much of them, though he was no less hard on himself. After several disappointments, he at last reached the junction of the Illinois with the Mississippi and saw for the first time the river he had dreamed of for so long.
But he had to deny himself the chance to explore it. Hearing that Tonty and his party were in danger, he turned back to aid them. After many vicissitudes, La Salle and Tonty succeeded in canoeing down the Mississippi and reached the Gulf of Mexico.
There, on April 9, , the explorer proclaimed the whole Mississippi basin for France and named it Louisiana. In name, at least, he acquired for France the most fertile half of the North American continent.
He refused and left North America to appeal directly to the king. The last phase of his extraordinary career centred on his proposal to fortify the mouth of the Mississippi and to invade and conquer part of the Spanish province of Mexico. He planned to accomplish all this with some Frenchmen, aided by buccaneers and an army of 15, Indians—a venture that caused his detractors to question his sanity. But the king saw a chance to harass the Spaniards, with whom he was at war, and approved the project, giving La Salle men, ships, and money.
The expedition was doomed from the start. It had hardly left France when quarrels arose between La Salle and the naval commander. Vessels were lost by piracy and shipwreck, while sickness took a heavy toll of the colonists. Finally, a gross miscalculation brought the ships to Matagorda Bay in Texas, miles west of their intended landfall.
After several fruitless journeys in search of his lost Mississippi, La Salle met his death at the hands of mutineers near the Brazos River. His vision of a French empire died with him.
La Salle provoked much controversy both in his own lifetime and later. Those who knew him best praised his ability unsparingly. Henri Joutel, who served under La Salle through the tragic days of the Texas colony until his death, wrote both of his fine qualities and of his insufferable arrogance toward his subordinates.
Undoubtedly, La Salle was hampered by faults of character and lacked the qualities of leadership. On the other hand, he possessed prodigious vision, tenacity, and courage.
His claim of Louisiana for France, though but a vain boast at the time, pointed the way to the French colonial empire that was eventually built by other men. Additional Info. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. David C. Sibley Freelance writer and artist. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. They mapped much of the upper Mississippi and Ohio valleys; La Salle descended the Mississippi to its mouth and penetrated Texas.
Two other explorers, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, and…. The consequent varieties of cultural heritage run like bright threads through many facets of the social, political, and artistic life…. He grasped at once the strategic significance of the huge drainage system and promptly claimed the entire Mississippi basin for France.
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