What do flies eat wikipedia19.10.2020
What Do Flies Eat?
Crane fly is a common name referring to any member of the insect family Tipulidae, of the order Diptera, true flies in the superfamily Tipuloidea. Cylindrotominae, Limoniinae, and Pediciinae have been ranked as subfamilies of Tipulidae by most authors, though occasionally elevated to family rank. In the most recent classifications, only Pediciidae is now ranked as a separate family, due to Class: Insecta. Psychodidae, called drain flies, sink flies, filter flies, sewer flies, or sewer gnats is a family of true vitoriayvitorianos.com genera have short, hairy bodies and wings giving them a "furry" moth-like appearance, hence one of their common names, moth flies. Members of the sub-family Phlebotominae which are hematophagous (feed on blood) may be called sand flies in some countries, although this term is Class: Insecta.
Fishflies are members of the subfamily Chauliodinaebelonging to the megalopteran family Corydalidae. In contrast to the large jaws especially in males of dobsonflies, fishfly mandibles are not particularly noticeable or distinctive, and the males have feathery antennae similar to many large moths.
Chauliodes pectinicornisthe "summer fishfly", is a well-known species in North America. Fishflies lay their eggs upon vegetation overhanging streams, whence the larvae, as soon as hatched, drop into the water, and go about preying upon aquatic animals. When ready to transform to pupaethey crawl out upon the bank and are then found in cavities under stones or even how to play bad horsie on guitar the bark of trees.
Fishflies are quite large, with a wingspan of 2. They will eat aquatic plants as well as small animals including vertebrates like minnows and tadpolesand may live up to seven days as adults.
Their entire lifespan is several years, but most of this time is spent as larvae. There are about 15 genera with nearly species.
Three genera are endemic to the Afrotropical Realm and are found in Madagascar and South Africa - PlatychauliodesMadachauliodes and Taeniochauliodes. Archichauliodes and Protochauli-odes found in the Australian Realm. This Megaloptera related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Subfamily of insects. For the insect commonly called what do flies eat wikipedia fishfly in Canada, see Mayfly. New International Encyclopedia. Systematic Entomology. Insect orders. Archaeognatha jumping bristletails. Zygentoma silverfish, firebrats.
Ephemeroptera mayflies. Odonata dragonflies, damselflies. Plecoptera stoneflies Dermaptera earwigs Embioptera webspinners Phasmatodea stick and leaf insects Notoptera ice-crawlers, gladiators Orthoptera crickets, wetas, grasshoppers, locusts Zoraptera angel insects. Blattodea cockroaches, termites Mantodea mantises. Psocodea barklice, lice Thysanoptera thrips Hemiptera cicadas, aphids, true bugs.
Hymenoptera sawflies, wasps, ants, bees. Strepsiptera twisted-winged parasites Coleoptera beetles. Raphidioptera snakeflies Megaloptera alderflies, dobsonflies, fishflies Neuroptera net-winged insects: lacewings, mantidflies, antlions. Trichoptera caddisflies Lepidoptera moths, butterflies.
Four most speciose orders are marked in bold Italic are paraphyletic groups Based on Sasaki et al. Extinct incertae sedis families and genera are marked in italic. Extant Megaloptera families. Corydalidae dobsonflies, fishflies Sialidae alderflies. Categories : Corydalidae Aquatic insects Insect stubs. Hidden categories: Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia Wikipedia articles incorporating text via vb from the New International Encyclopedia Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles with 'species' microformats All stub articles.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Wikispecies has information australia day what does it celebrate to Chauliodinae. Extant Monocondylia Archaeognatha jumping bristletails. Palaeoptera Ephemeropteroidea Ephemeroptera mayflies.
Polyneoptera Plecoptera stoneflies Dermaptera earwigs Embioptera webspinners Phasmatodea stick and leaf insects Notoptera ice-crawlers, gladiators Orthoptera crickets, wetas, grasshoppers, locusts Zoraptera angel insects. Dictyoptera Blattodea cockroaches, termites Mantodea mantises. Coleopterida Strepsiptera twisted-winged parasites Coleoptera beetles.
Adult damselflies catch and eat flies, mosquitoes, and other small insects. Often they hover among grasses and low vegetation, picking prey off stems and leaves with their spiny legs. Although predominantly using vision to locate their prey, adults may also make use of olfactory cues. Botflies, also known as warble flies, heel flies, and gadflies, are a family of flies technically known as the vitoriayvitorianos.com larvae are internal parasites of mammals, some species growing in the host's flesh and others within the gut. Dermatobia hominis is the only species of botfly known to parasitize humans routinely, though other species of flies cause myiasis in humans. The fish find these new adults easy pickings, and fishing flies resembling them can be successful for anglers at the right time of year. The adult stage of a caddisfly may only survive for a few weeks; many species do not feed as adults and die soon after breeding, but some species are known to .
Crane fly is a common name referring to any member of the insect family Tipulidae , of the order Diptera , true flies in the superfamily Tipuloidea. Cylindrotominae , Limoniinae , and Pediciinae have been ranked as subfamilies of Tipulidae by most authors,  though occasionally elevated to family rank. In the most recent classifications, only Pediciidae is now ranked as a separate family, due to considerations of paraphyly.
The larvae of crane flies are known commonly as leatherjackets. Crown group crane flies have existed since at least the Barremian stage of the Early Cretaceous  and are found worldwide , though individual species usually have limited ranges. They are most diverse in the tropics but are also common in northern latitudes and high elevations. The Tipulidae is one of the largest groups of flies, including over 15, species and subspecies in genera and subgenera. An adult crane fly, resembling an oversized mosquito , typically has a slender body and stilt-like legs that are deciduous , easily coming off the body.
The wingspan is generally about 1. Tipulidae are medium to large-sized flies 7—35 mm with elongated legs, wings, and abdomen. Their colour is yellow, brown or grey. Ocelli are absent. The rostrum a snout is short to very short with a beak-like point called the nasus rarely absent. The apical segment of the maxillary palpi is flagelliform and much longer than the subapical segment.
The antennae have 13 segments exceptionally 14— These are whorled, serrate, or ctenidial. There is a distinct V-shaped suture between the mesonotal prescutum and scutum near the level of the wing bases. The wings are monochromatic, longitudinally striped or marbled. In females the wings are sometimes rudimentary. The sub-costal vein Sc joins through Sc2 with the radial vein, Sc1 is at most a short stump. There are four, rarely when R2 is reduced three branches of the radial vein merging into the alar margin.
The discoidal wing cell is usually present. The wing has two anal veins. Sternite 9 of the male genitalia has, with few exceptions, two pairs of appendages. Sometimes appendages are also present on sternite 8. The female ovipositor has sclerotized valves and the cerci have a smooth or dentate lower margin.
The valves are sometimes modified into thick bristles or short teeth. The larva is elongated, usually cylindrical. The posterior two-thirds of the head capsule is enclosed or retracted within the prothoracic segment. The larva is metapneustic with only one pair of spiracles , these on the anal segment of the abdomen , but often with vestigial lateral spiracles rarely apneustic. The head capsule is sclerotized anteriorly and deeply incised ventrally and often dorsolaterally.
The mandibles are opposed and move in the horizontal or oblique plane. The abdominal segments have transverse creeping welts. The terminal segments of the abdomen are glabrous, often partially sclerotized and bearing posterior spiracles. The spiracular disc is usually surrounded by lobe-like projections and anal papillae or lobes.
The adult female usually contains mature eggs as she emerges from her pupa , and often mates immediately if a male is available. Males also search for females by walking or flying. Copulation takes a few minutes to hours and may be accomplished in flight. Adults have a lifespan of 10 to 15 days. Some lay eggs on the surface of a water body or in dry soils, and some reportedly simply drop them in flight. Most crane fly eggs are black in color. They often have a filament, which may help anchor the egg in wet or aquatic environments.
Crane fly larvae leatherjackets have been observed in many habitat types on dry land and in water,  including marine , brackish , and fresh water. The abdomen may be smooth, lined with hairs, or studded with projections or welt-like spots. Projections may occur around the spiracles. Some are predatory. Larval habitats include all kinds of freshwater, semiaquatic environments. Some Tipulinae, including Dolichopeza Curtis, are found in moist to wet cushions of mosses or liverworts.
Ctenophora Meigen species are found in decaying wood or sodden logs. Nephrotoma Meigen and Tipula Linnaeus larvae are found in dry soils of pasturelands, lawns, and steppe. Tipulidae larvae are also found in rich organic earth and mud, in wet spots in woods where the humus is saturated, in leaf litter or mud, decaying plant materials, or fruits in various stages of putrefaction.
Larvae can be important in the soil ecosystem, because they process organic material and increase microbial activity. The larvae of some species consume other living aquatic insects and invertebrates, which could potentially include mosquito larvae. The common European crane fly, Tipula paludosa , and the marsh crane fly, T. Crane fly larvae of economic importance live in the top layers of soil where they feed on the roots , root hairs , crown, and sometimes the leaves of crops, stunting their growth or killing the plants.
They are pests on a variety of commodities. Since the late s, T. In , Lord's Cricket Ground in London was among venues affected by leatherjackets.
Several thousand were collected by ground staff and burned, because they caused bald patches on the pitch and the pitch took unaccustomed spin for much of the season. The phylogenetic position of the Tipulidae remains uncertain. The classical viewpoint that they are an early branch of Diptera   —perhaps with the Trichoceridae the sister group of all other Diptera—is giving way to modern views that they are more highly derived.
Numerous other common names have been applied to the crane fly. Many of the names are more or less regional in the U. There is an enduring urban legend that crane flies are the most venomous insects in the world, but have no ability to administer the venom; this is not true.
Despite widely held beliefs that adult crane flies or "mosquito hawks" prey on mosquito populations, the adult crane fly is anatomically incapable of killing or consuming other insects. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Family of flies. For other arthropods called "daddy longlegs", see Daddy longlegs disambiguation. For terms, see Morphology of Diptera.
Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, pp. Systematic Entomology. S2CID Retrieved 29 August British Insects: The Families of Diptera. Version: 1 January ISSN PMID Annual Review of Entomology. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Superfamily Tipuloidea, Family Tipulidae. Chapter 2 In: Evenhuis, N. Bishop Museum Special Publication. Apollo Press. South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on Missouri Department of Conservation.
Retrieved 27 September Skeeter Eater? Giant Mosquito? No, No, and No". Entomology Today. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Integrated Pest Management Reviews. M, Campbell R. Washington State University Technical Bull. Ward Cricket's Strangest Matches ed.
Robson Books, London.