What is an alcoholic beverage06.12.2020
Alcoholic drinks in China
An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar. The consumption of alcohol plays an important social role in many cultures. Most countries have laws regulating the production, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. Some countries ban such activities entirely, but alcoholic drinks are legal in. TABC Reminds Texans of the Tragic Dangers of Not Drinking Responsibly. AUSTIN — As Texans return to bars and restaurants following the end of pandemic restrictions, the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission is asking residents and businesses to remember that they have a part to play in combating overconsumption and keeping Texans safe.
An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains ethanola type of alcohol produced by alcohoilc of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar. The consumption of alcohol plays an important social role in many cultures. Most countries have laws regulating the production, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol is a depressantwhich in low doses causes euphoriareduces anxietyand increases sociability. In higher doses, it causes drunkennessstuporunconsciousness or death.
Long-term use can lead to an alcohol use disorderan increased risk of developing several types of cancerand physical dependence. Discovery of late Stone How to pump a septic tank jugs suggest that intentionally fermented drinks existed at least as early as the Neolithic period c. Beer is a beverage fermented from grain mash. It is typically made from barley or a blend of several grains and flavored with hops.
What is an alcoholic beverage beer is naturally carbonated as part of the fermentation process. If the fermented mash is distilled, then the drink becomes a spirit. In the Andean region, the most common beer is chichamade from grain or fruits. Wine is a fermented beverage produced from grapes and sometimes other fruits. Cider alcohol content varies from 1.
In some regions, cider may be called " apple wine ". Fermented tea also known as post-fermented tea or dark tea is a class of tea that has undergone microbial fermentationfrom several months to many years.
The tea leaves and the liquor made from them become darker with oxidation. Thus, the various kinds of fermented teas produced across China are also referred to as dark tea, not be confused with black tea. The most famous fermented tea alcohokic kombucha which is often homebrewedpu-erhproduced in Yunnan Province  and the Anhua dark tea produced in Anhua County of Hunan Province.
The majority of kombucha on the market are under 0. The defining characteristic of mead is that the majority of the drink's fermentable sugar is derived from honey. Mead can also be referred to as "honeywine. Pulque is the Mesoamerican fermented drink made from the "honey water" of magueyAgave americana.
The drink distilled from pulque is tequila or mescal Mezcal. Sakehuangjiumijiuand cheongju are popular examples of East Asian rice wine. Sparkling wine like French ChampagneCatalan Cava alcohholic Italian Prosecco can be made by means of a secondary fermentation. Liquors or spirits are alcoholic drinks produced by distilling i. The term hard liquor is used in North America to distinguish distilled drinks from undistilled ones implicitly weaker. Distilling concentrates the alcohol and eliminates some of the congeners.
Freeze distillation concentrates ethanol along with methanol and fusel alcohols fermentation by-products partially removed by distillation in applejack.
Fortified na is beverate, such as port or sherryto which a distilled beverage usually brandy has been added. Many different styles of fortified wine have been developed, including portsherry, madeiramarsalacommandariaand the aromatized wine vermouth.
Rectified spiritalso called "neutral grain spirit", is alcohol which has been purified by means of "rectification" i. The term neutral refers to the spirit's lack of the flavor that would have been present if the mash ingredients had been distilled to a lower level of alcoholic purity. Rectified spirit also lacks any flavoring added to it after distillation as alcohoolic done, for example, with gin. Other kinds of spirits, such as whiskeyare distilled to a lower alcohol percentage to preserve the flavor of the mash.
It is often used for medicinal purposes. It may be a grain spirit or it may be made from other plants. It is used in mixed drinksliqueursand tincturesand also as a household solvent. In the alcoholic drinks industry, congeners are substances produced during fermentation. These substances include small amounts of chemicals such as occasionally alcohllic other alcohols, like propanol and 3-methylbutanolbut also compounds that are never desired such as acetoneacetaldehyde and glycols. Congeners are responsible for most of the taste and aroma of distilled alcoholic what are the three different categories of office equipment, and contribute to the taste of non-distilled drinks.
Wine tannins add bitterness, have a drying sensation, taste herbaceous and are often described as astringent. Wine tannins adds balance, complexity, structure and makes a wine last longer, so they play an wat role in the aging of wine. Alcoholic drinks are a source of food energy. The USDA uses a figure of 6. In addition to the direct effect of its caloric content, alcohol is also known to potentiate the insulin response of the human beferage to glucosewhich, in essence, "instructs" the body to convert consumed carbohydrates into fat and to suppress carbohydrate and fat acloholic.
Because ethanol is mostly metabolized and consumed by the liver, chronic excessive use can lead to fatty liver. This bevetage to a chronic inflammation of the liver and eventually alcoholic liver disease. Age-standardised prevalence of current drinking for females A and males B inin locations. Average standard drinks 10 g of pure ethanol per serving consumed per day, age-standardised, for females A and males B in alvoholic, in locations.
One example is Cinzanoa brand of vermouth. Digestifs include brandy, fortified wines and herb-infused spirits Drambuie. Pure ethanol tastes bitter to humans; some people also describe it as sweet. This facilitates the use of flavoring and coloring compounds in alcoholic drinks as a taste mask, especially in distilled drinks.
Some flavors may be naturally present in the beverage's raw material. Beer and wine may also be flavored before fermentation, and spirits may be flavored before, during, or after distillation. Sometimes flavor is obtained by allowing the beverage to stand for months or years in oak barrels, usually made of American or French oak.
A few brands of spirits may also have fruit or herbs inserted into the bottle at the time of bottling. Wine is important in cuisine not just for its value as an accompanying beverage, but as a flavor agent, primarily wlcoholic stocks and braisingsince its acidity lends balance to rich savory or sweet dishes.
The concentration of alcohol in a beverage is usually stated as the percentage of alcohol by volume ABV, the number of milliliters ml of pure ethanol in ml of beverage or as proof. In the United Statesproof is twice the percentage of alcohol alciholic volume at 60 degrees Fahrenheit e.
Degrees proof were formerly used in the United Kingdom, where degrees proof was equivalent to Historically, this was the most dilute spirit that beverrage sustain the combustion of gunpowder. Ordinary distillation cannot produce alcohol of more than A spirit which contains a very high level of alcohol and what is an alcoholic beverage not contain any added flavoring is commonly called a neutral spirit.
Generally, any distilled alcoholic beverage what sand for pool filter US proof or higher is considered to be a neutral spirit. Shot sizes vary significantly from country to country.
In the United Kingdomserving size in licensed premises is regulated under the Weights and Measures Act A single serving acoholic of spirits ginwhiskyrumand vodka are sold in 25 ml or 35 ml quantities or multiples thereof. In Israel, a single serving size of spirits is about twice as much, 50 or 60 mL. The shape of a glass can have a significant effect on how much one pours. A Cornell University study of students and bartenders' pouring showed both groups pour more into short, wide glasses than into tall, slender glasses.
The bartenders scored similarly, on average pouring More experienced bartenders were more accurate, pouring Practice reduced the tendency of both groups to over pour for tall, slender glasses but not for short, wide glasses.
These misperceptions are attributed to two perceptual biases: 1 Estimating that tall, slender glasses have more volume than shorter, wider glasses; and 2 Over focusing on the height of the liquid and disregarding the width.
A standard drink is a notional drink that contains a specified amount of pure alcohol. The standard drink is used in many countries to quantify alcohol intake.
It is usually expressed as a measure of beer, wine, or spirits. One standard drink always contains the same amount of alcohol regardless of serving size or the type of alcoholic beverage. The standard drink varies significantly from country to country. For example, it is 7. Alcohol laws regulate the manufacture, packaging, labelling, distribution, sale, consumption, blood alcohol content of motor vehicle drivers, open bevetage, and transportation of alcoholic drinks.
Such laws generally seek to reduce the adverse health and social impacts of alcohol consumption. In particular, alcohol laws set the legal drinking agewhich usually varies between 15 and 21 years old, sometimes depending upon the type of alcoholic drink e. Some countries do not have a legal drinking or purchasing age, but most countries set the minimum age at 18 years. Such otter phone case how to open may take the form of permitting distribution only to licensed stores, monopoly storesor pubs and they are often combined with taxation, which serves to reduce the demand for alcohol by raising its price and it is a form of revenue for governments.
Alcohol laws in many countries prohibit drunk driving. In some jurisdictions, alcoholic drinks are totally prohibited for reasons of religion what is an alcoholic beverage. In jurisdictions which enforce sharia law, the consumption of alcoholic drinks is an illegal offense although such laws may exempt non-Muslims.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Alcoholic beverage. This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 13 April Drink containing alcohol ethanol derived from fermentation of sugars. This article is about drinks containing alcohol. For alcohol as a drug specifically and related health issues, see Alcohol drug.
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Mar 17, · Alcoholic beverage, any fermented liquor, such as wine, beer, or distilled spirits, that contains ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, as an intoxicating agent. Alcoholic beverages are fermented from the sugars in fruits, berries, grains, and such other ingredients as plant saps, tubers, honey, and milk. Aug 31, · Home page for the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission: Public Inquiry System: License/Permit Inquiries. Verify the status and other information on license/permit or to check the status of a pending license. Create a list of licenses or permits. Apr 13, · The Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control’s Oakland District Office is moving beginning Friday, April 02, The Oakland District Office will re-open in its new location on Monday, April 5, as the Concord District Office.
Alcoholic beverage , any fermented liquor, such as wine , beer , or distilled spirits , that contains ethyl alcohol , or ethanol CH 3 CH 2 OH , as an intoxicating agent. A brief treatment of alcoholic beverages follows.
For full treatment, see alcohol consumption. Alcoholic beverages are fermented from the sugars in fruits, berries, grains, and such other ingredients as plant saps, tubers, honey, and milk and may be distilled to reduce the original watery liquid to a liquid of much greater alcoholic strength.
Beer is the best-known member of the malt family of alcoholic beverages, which also includes ale , stout , porter, and malt liquor. It is made from malt, corn, rice, and hops. Beers range in alcoholic content from about 2 percent to about 8 percent. Wine is made by fermenting the juices of grapes or other fruits such as apples cider , cherries, berries, or plums.
Winemaking begins with the harvest of the fruit , the juice of which is fermented in large vats under rigorous temperature control. When fermentation is complete, the mixture is filtered, aged, and bottled. Natural, or unfortified, grape wines generally contain from 8 to 14 percent alcohol; these include such wines as Bordeaux, Burgundy, Chianti, and Sauterne. Fortified wines, to which alcohol or brandy has been added, contain 18 to 21 percent alcohol; such wines include sherry , port, and muscatel.
The making of distilled spirits begins with the mashes of grains, fruits, or other ingredients. The resultant fermented liquid is heated until the alcohol and flavourings vaporize and can be drawn off, cooled, and condensed back into a liquid.
Water remains behind and is discarded. The concentrated liquid, called a distilled beverage, includes such liquors as whiskey , gin , vodka , rum, brandy, and liqueurs, or cordials.
They range in alcoholic content usually from 40 to 50 percent, though higher or lower concentrations are found. In the ingestion of an alcoholic beverage, the alcohol is rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract stomach and intestines because it does not undergo any digestive processes; thus, alcohol rises to high levels in the blood in a relatively short time. From the blood the alcohol is distributed to all parts of the body and has an especially pronounced effect on the brain, on which it exerts a depressant action.
Under the influence of alcohol the functions of the brain are depressed in a characteristic pattern. The most complex actions of the brain—judgment, self-criticism, the inhibitions learned from earliest childhood—are depressed first, and the loss of this control results in a feeling of excitement in the early stages.
For this reason, alcohol is sometimes thought of, erroneously, as a stimulant. Under the influence of increasing amounts of alcohol, the drinker gradually becomes less alert, awareness of his environment becomes dim and hazy, muscular coordination deteriorates, and sleep is facilitated. See also alcoholism. Alcoholic beverage. Videos Images. Additional Info.
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Britannica Quiz. Plants and Booze. Plants can make a lot more than salads! Test your knowledge of popular drinks and the plants that go into making them. Glenlivet whisky distillery, Minmore, Scotland.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Alcohol consumption , the drinking of beverages containing ethyl alcohol. Alcoholic beverage s are consumed largely for their physiological and psychological effects, but they are often consumed within specific social contexts and may even be a part of religious practices.
Because of the effects that alcohol has on the body and on…. Alcoholic drinks, such as sake in Japan and wang-tsin in China, are made from rice with the aid of fungi. The hull or husk of paddy, of little value as animal feed because of a high silicon content that is harmful to digestive and respiratory….
Alcoholic beverage s are distilled from other crop grasses: barley provides beer malt, rice is used in the production of sake, and corn for bourbon. Wheat, rye, corn, and barley contribute to the making of whiskeys and vodka. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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