What is rap music history17.02.2021
Hip hop music
Sep 23, · Rap music’s beginnings were humble and focused on bringing families together and uplifting each other’s spirits in times of heartache and pain. Since its inception much has changed and evolved but the essence of its heart and soul remains. What are your feelings on the current state of Hip-Hop? Please leave your comments below. Rap, musical style in which rhythmic and/or rhyming speech is chanted (’rapped’) to musical accompaniment. This backing music, which can include digital sampling, is also called hip-hop, the name used to refer to a broader cultural movement that includes rap, .
This backing musicwhich can include digital sampling music and sounds extracted from other recordingsis also called hip-hopthe name used to refer to a broader cultural movement that includes rap, deejaying turntable manipulationgraffiti painting, and break dancing. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite. While msic effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.
External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Rapthe competitive use of rhyming lines spoken over an ever more-challenging rhythmic base, had a long history in African American culture; however, it came to musical prominence as what is a recertified tv of the hip-hop movement. Public Enemy used new digital technology to sample use excerpts from….
The mainstreaming of the what is pineapple good for you was never more clearly demonstrated than inwhen break-dancers were invited to perform in the Vatican before Pope John Paul II.
Break dancing cemented…. The dozens received considerable attention from scholars during the whxt as the Black Power movement and a black urban culture developed, and these ritual insults persisted into the 21st century.
History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the us for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right what is rap music history your inbox.
Mar 17, · Rap has two basic points of origin: Jamaica and New York City. Although many people associate Jamaica only with reggae, the island has . Sep 01, · Rap is the musical practice of hip hop culture that features vocalists, or MCs, reciting lyrics over an instrumental beat that emerged out of the political and economic transformations of New York City after the s.
Rap is the musical practice of hip hop culture that features vocalists, or MCs, reciting lyrics over an instrumental beat that emerged out of the political and economic transformations of New York City after the s.
Black and Latinx youth, many of them Caribbean immigrants, created this new cultural form in response to racism, poverty, urban renewal, deindustrialization, and inner-city violence. These new cultural forms eventually spread beyond New York to all regions of the United States as artists from Los Angeles, New Orleans, Miami, and Chicago began releasing rap music with their own distinct sounds. Despite efforts to demonize and censor rap music and hip hop culture, rap music has served as a pathway for social mobility for many black and Latinx youth.
Many artists have enjoyed crossover success in acting, advertising, and business. Rap music has also sparked new conversations about various issues such as electoral politics, gender and sexuality, crime, policing, and mass incarceration, as well as technology. Rap is the musical practice of hip hop culture that features a vocalist, or master of ceremony MC , reciting lyrics over a beat.
Rap music is an example of what scholars have called polyculturalism, which refers to the notion that various racial and ethnic groups have historically exchanged and borrowed ideas and cultural practices. Historically, rap music and hip hop culture have been a male-dominated realm. Much of rap music performed by men has raised questions about masculinity because of the prominence of sexist, homophobic, and misogynist lyrics. The rap industry also suffers from gender inequities as fewer women have been able to pursue a lengthy career rapping and producing.
This has not stopped women from participating despite often vacillating between the margins and center of rap music. This process has led women artists not only to use rap to critique sexism within the culture, but also to contribute to the development of intersectional feminism.
Other marginalized groups such as genderqueer people have remained on the margins of the rap industry. In addition, Rap music reflects a running conversation and commentary on authenticity.
Rappers have also commented on their geographic location and politics, often highlighting racial discrimination and state violence. Critics have raised questions about the violent and misogynistic lyrics contained in rap culture, even going as far as to censor it. But despite censorship and controversy, rap music is positioned centrally within American popular culture.
Corporations use rap to market products to customers. Rap is featured in movies, television, and on Broadway. Rappers have also leveraged their success into accumulating large amounts of wealth and influence. And since , the culture has spread beyond New York to all regions of the United States and throughout the world. Oppressed youth in places like Ghana, the United Kingdom, and Paris have adopted the cultural form in response to their particular surroundings.
Staying true to his Jamaican roots, he was known in the Bronx for having the loudest sound system. While many rap artists and scholars locate the birth of hip hop culture in the United States, the origins of the burgeoning genre was always diasporic and polycultural. The first three prominent DJs were born either in the Caribbean or into an immigrant family.
Hip hop also drew from other musical genres such as funk, disco, soul, and electronica. DJs sampled this music, which entailed using parts of songs or reinterpreting them. The breakbeat formed the sonic backbone of rap music.
Kool Herc discovered the break while deejaying. Herc noticed dancers enjoyed grooving to the intermittent drum break found within particular songs. Emcees engaged the crowd by screaming rhyming catch-phrases and leading chants. Kool Herc and Afrika Bambaataa also featured break dancers, many of whom were Puerto Rican and Latino, in their performances.
In that decade, fiscal crisis, deindustrialization, white flight, and urban renewal decimated the Bronx. The South Bronx shed tens of thousands of manufacturing jobs. Forty percent of the industrial sector disappeared. Around 60, Bronx homes were razed during the s and s. Deejays formed the base of hip hop culture during the s.
They organized parties and served as the primary artists. Figure 1. Grandmaster Flash spinning records, Herc played in the nightclubs in East Bronx and in neighborhoods in the West. However, Bambaataa saw hip hop culture as a path out of gang violence and an instrument of black and brown unity.
During the hour power outage, residents looted hundreds of stores and committed almost a thousand acts of arson. Consequently, the blackout provided more aspiring DJs and artists greater access to necessary expensive equipment.
Even DJ Grandmaster Caz, who performed that evening, admitted to going to the store where he first bought his equipment and taking a mixer.
Figure 2. Event flier for a hip hop performance at the Renaissance Ballroom on June 28, The Mercedes Ladies emerged out of the all-female crews that roamed the Bronx. The group encountered sexist treatment in the industry. Promoters tried to book the group without paying them. Rap music began its transition from moment to commodity in Before then, hip hop music was merely distributed through taped dance parties.
With her career flailing, Robinson sought to capitalize on the growing rap phenomenon. Jackson then recruited two of his friends and formed the Sugar Hill Gang. Clocking in at over fourteen minutes, the song tried to capture the spirit of the original block parties.
To some DJs and MCs, hip hop could not be captured on record because it was a moment. Also, the Sugar Hill Gang was a manufactured group, while other collectives assembled out of prior relationships and in relation to specific conditions.
The Sequence challenged notions of rap as being thought of as an all-black male domain. Yet, hip hop culture eventually expanded into other entertainment forms during the s. Figure 3. Event flier for a hip hop performance at Walton High School on January 12, The event featured Grandmaster Flash and members of the Furious Five. Rap was featured prominently in movies and documentaries throughout the s. Released in , Style Wars and Wild Style documented the lives of graffiti writers.
Rap music was on TV as well. For instance, Yo! Several releases in the early s signaled the greater innovation of rap music. No group had a bigger impact on hip hop culture during this period than Run-DMC. Their Raising Hell sold three million albums. They distinguished themselves from other artists by wearing black leather jackets, black fedora hats, large gold chains, and Adidas sneakers.
Run-DMC not only rapped over familiar breakbeats, but also they were the first rap artists to synthesize rap and rock music. They signed the first rap vocalist to cross over into mainstream stardom, a young Queens rapper who went by the name, LL Cool J. Some DJs such as Mr. Criminal Minded. Figure 4. Rapper Rakim performing in Hamburg, Germany, June 3, It took longer for hip hop culture to take root in California than in New York.
Also, West Coast rap grew out of the decline of black social movements, street gangs such as the Crips and Bloods, the illicit drug economy, and the war on drugs. Producers such as Dr. Dre created a distinctive sound, which sampled s funk and artists like Parliament Funkadelic.
Ruthless Records also featured the all-woman group, J. Their brash and vulgar gangsta style appealed not only to black youth, but also to young white men. Members of NWA lived out some of these lyrics. For instance, producer Dr. Dre physically assaulted rapper and journalist Dee Barnes in During the s, a few women rappers would move from the margins closer to the mainstream. The rap group, Salt-N-Pepa, was the first group of women performers to achieve mainstream success. They commented on various issues of importance for many black women, notably sexism, relationships, and moral panics around sex and sexually transmitted diseases.
Queen Latifah distinguished herself from other women rappers in the late s by combining black nationalism and feminism in her lyrics. Latifah and Salt-N-Pepa illustrated that black women could rap about a number of topics and could control their own image. The masculinism and corporatism of the rap industry represented a barrier of entry that many black women struggled to overcome.
Like Queen Latifah, other rap artists and groups turned to black nationalism and racial solidarity as modes of expression. No group exemplified the adoption of black power iconography better than Def Jam signees, Public Enemy. The group ushered in a harder, more intellectual, black nationalistic, version of rap music. Their first four albums— Yo! The Enemy Strikes Black —commented on a range of political issues, including black empowerment, racism in Hollywood, the history of minstrelsy, and police brutality.
It was a form through which African American artists could report on their surroundings and communicate politics. The late s also saw the rise of rap collectives such as the Juice Crew and the Native Tongues.