What number is cien in spanish26.07.2020
The Do Over
A "cardinal number" is just a fancy term for a numbers we use in counting things (or indicating times, dates, or ages). Let's take a trip through the Spanish cardinal numbers from cero (0) to un trilion (1,,,,,,) noticing some interesting quirks along the way. (number) a. cien. There were one hundred ants in the jar. Habia cien hormigas dentro del frasco. b. centenar (noun) One hundred people came to hear him speak. el cien (m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Spanish numbers belong to an Indo-Arabic based decimal system, although the history of the number system is much more ancient. The Babylonians used cuneiform writing as observed in the Code of Hammurabi Babylonian law code and the Egyptians used hieroglyphs symbols to represent numbers. In Spain, dj 21azy just what i drank many centuries the Roman numeration system dominated.
In the 8th century, Leonardo de Pisa, who had traveled through the. Middle East, introduced the Indo-Arabic system to Europe. In Spain, this numeration system appeared in manuscripts as early as AD.
Towards the yearthe system was already in place and used clearly in mathematical texts. With the expanding European empires, the number system spread throughout the West, substituting local number systems such as those found in Latin America.
One example of this was the very precise Mayan numerical system. The Indo-Arabic numerical system is still used today and is the base of significant scientific development and universal mathematics. One curiosity is the small difference between the Spanish numerical systems and the Anglo-Saxon one. The Spanish numbers are not difficult to learn.
Even when there are some exceptions in the way to form them, their construction follows rules that will allow students to learn them easily. Login Register. Numbers in Spanish Spanish numbers belong to an Indo-Arabic based decimal system, although the history of the number system is much more ancient.
SPANISH NUMBERS 1-100
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Full Lesson. Want a quick answer? Try the Spanish Number Translator. Let's start with the good news: there is almost no difference between the way that we write numbers in Spanish and the way we write them in English.
The bad news is that when we use numbers in conversation, they definitely aren't pronounced the same way. But whether you've picked it up from "Sesame Street" or "Dora the Explorer" you probably already know at least a handful of Spanish numbers.
Keep reading to learn more. A "cardinal number" is just a fancy term for a numbers we use in counting things or indicating times, dates, or ages. Fun Fact: Cinco is the only Spanish number with the same number of letters as the number it represents. Note: There are two acceptable options for writing the numbers 16 through The "old-school" way is to simply say "ten and six," "ten and seven," etc. The newer method is to combine those words into one word.
At that point the "z" in diez becomes a "c" and the "y" becomes an "i. The shorter, combined word is preferred nowadays.
After that the numbers come in combinations. You are literally saying "ten and six," "ten and seven," "ten and eight," etc. Veinte means "twenty" and from that point on the pattern is very similar to sixteen through nineteen; you are literally saying "twenty and one," "twenty and two," etc. Note: Once again it is also preferable to condense these numbers down to one word by replacing the trailing "-e" and the "y" with an "i.
All of the numbers in the forties, fifties, sixties, seventies, eighties, and nineties work the same way as in the thirties:. Technically ciento means "one hundred" in Spanish, but its shortened form, cien , is preferred when there are exactly of something:.
You may have noticed there is no longer any y. If there is nothing in the 10's place, we don't use "y. And we don't un mil ; it's simply mil :. Note: In compound numbers, Use ciento if the number that follows is smaller than Use cien if the number that follows is larger than Note: This is not actually so much of a difference in languages as it is a difference in ways of counting very large numbers.
Historically there is some disagreement even between English-speaking countries as to what exactly "billion" represents. Bonus: see Long and short scales. Now things get a little weird. Adding three zeros to a million in English gets us to a billion. This throws the rest of the chart out of synch with what we might expect as well:. Still have questions about numbers? Try out the Spanish Number Translator. If you're simply counting numbers like in "Hide and Seek" while your friends are hiding the list above is accurate.
However, much of the time when we use a number we follow it up with a noun, e. When we do this we're actually using the number as an adjective and some interesting things need to happen. Ciento is also shortened to cien when and only when we're dealing with exactly of something. For example:. Secondly, as with other adjectives, we need to make our numbers agree in gender with the nouns that they modify. However, this only happens with numbers ending in " -uno " and words ending in " -ientos " all of the "hundreds" words from to Every part of a number that can agree with the gender of the noun should agree.
For example , tables would be written out as " seiscient a s cincuenta y cuatro mil trescient a s veintiun a mesas. You may have noticed the strange looking decimal points in the right hand column above.
This is not a typo. The majority of Spanish-speaking countries do the opposite of English-speaking countries when it comes to decimal points and grouping thousands: commas are used for decimal points and periods are used to separate the groups of zeros.
The number " While we use cardinal numbers to count things, we use "ordinal numbers" to put things in order such as the order in which runners finish a race. Here are the Spanish ordinal numbers :. From "fourths" to "tenths" we simply use ordinal numbers. From "elevenths" to "twentieths" we use cardinal numbers with the suffix avo. Beyond "twentieths" we simply use an ordinal number with the word parte.
We use "multiplicatives" to make multiples out of a number. Spanish multiples are similar to the English:. Precentages are written the same way in Spanish as they are in English. The word "percent" is por ciento in Spanish. Note: After the twenties we no longer condense our numbers into one word. Chad Johnson knew football but his Spanish needed a little work.
Note: The plural of cien is cientos not cienes. Resources Printables. Numbers in Spanish. This work by Spanish