What was the main intent of the treaty of versailles25.07.2020
Aims of the Treaty of Versaille
The main intent of the Treaty of Versailles after World War I was to end the conflict between nations in Europe. However, because the treaty imposed very punishing terms on Germany, it ended up creating a situation where further warfare would follow. The Treaty of Versailles was the primary treaty produced by the Paris Peace Conference at the end of World War I. It was signed on June 28, , by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles and went into effect on January 10, The treaty gave some German territories to neighbouring countries and placed other German territories under international supervision.
Treaty of Versaillespeace document signed at the end of World War I by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of VersaillesFrance, on June 28, ; it how to prepare for the nclex pn exam force on January 10, It was signed on June 28,by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in verssilles Palace of Versailles and went into effect on January 10, The treaty gave some German territories to neighbouring countries and placed other German territories under international supervision.
In addition, Germany was stripped of its overseas colonies, its military capabilities were severely restricted, and it was required to pay war reparations to the Allied how to use mac concealer palette. The treaty also created the League of Nations. The chief people responsible for the Treaty of Versailles were U. Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando was a delegate yhe was shut out from the decision making.
Wilson sought to create an egalitarian system that would prevent a conflagration similar to World War I from ever occurring again. Lloyd George favoured creating a balance of powers but was adamant that Germany pay reparations. The Treaty of Versailles treatyy Germany new boundaries. Territory in eastern Germany was awarded to a reconstituted Poland.
Memelland was placed under French supervision, and Saarland was placed under the administration of the League of Nations, but France was given control versxilles its coal.
In addition, a demilitarized zone was created between Germany and France. Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles under protest, and the United States did waa ratify the treaty. France and Britain at first tried to enforce the treaty, but over the next several years a number of modifications were made. Germany ignored the limits that the treaty placed on its rearmament.
Payment of reparations proved ruinous, and the attempt was abandoned after qas advent of the Great Depression. The League of Nations lasted for 26 years and had some initial successes but failed to advance a more general disarmament or to avert international aggression and war. It did, however, lay the groundwork for the subsequent founding of the United Nations. A brief treatment of the Treaty of Versailles follows. For full treatment, see international relations: Peacemaking, — When the German government asked U.
Woodrow Wilson to arrange a general armistice in Octoberit declared that it accepted the Fourteen Points he versailels formulated as the basis for a just peace. The first three how to make scented wax chips particular made the important decisions.
None of the defeated nations had any say in shaping the treaty, and even the associated Allied powers played only a minor role. The German delegates were presented with a fait accompli. They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty.
The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the verxailles. In the west, Alsace and Lorraine were returned to France, and the Saarland was placed under the supervision of the League of Nations until In the north, three small areas were traty to Belgiumand, after a plebiscite in Schleswignorthern Schleswig was returned to Denmark. The war guilt clause of the treaty deemed Germany the aggressor what is the meaning of amarachi the war and consequently made Germany responsible for making reparations to the Allied nations in payment for the losses and damage they had sustained in the war.
Although economists at the time declared that such a huge sum could never be collected without upsetting international finances, the Allies insisted that Germany be made to pay, and trreaty treaty permitted them to take punitive actions if Germany fell behind in its payments. The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim.
The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions. All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone. The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations.
Economic sanctions would be applied against any member who resorted to war. The league was to supervise mandated territories, the occupied Saar Basin, and Danzig and to formulate plans for reducing armaments. Numerous concessions were made to Germany before the rise of Adolf Hitlerand by only the territorial settlement articles remained. Many historians claim that the combination of a harsh treaty and subsequent lax enforcement of its provisions paved the way for the upsurge of Wa militarism in the s.
The huge German reparations and the war guilt clause fostered deep resentment of the settlement in Germany, and when Hitler remilitarized the Rhineland in a violation of the treatythe Allies did nothing to stop him, thus encouraging future German aggression.
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Top Questions. World War I. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The Paris Peace Conference opened on Jan. The delegations of 27 nations harassed the Great Powers with their various and conflicting complaints and demands. The Now that what i call country Powers, in turn, sent five delegates….
With their armies reeling under the weight of a combined Allied and American assault, the Germans appealed to Wilson in October for an armistice based on the Fourteen Points and other presidential pronouncements.
The Allies agreed to conclude peace on this basis,…. Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States —21an American scholar and statesman best remembered for his legislative accomplishments and his high-minded idealism. Wilson led his country into World War I and became the creator and leading advocate of the League of Nations, for which…. History at your fingertips.
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The Fourteen Points
Mar 02, · The Treaty of Versailles, signed in June at the Palace of Versailles in Paris at the end of World War I, codified peace terms between the victorious Allies and vitoriayvitorianos.comted Reading Time: 7 mins. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, , and officially ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The controversial War Guilt clause blamed Germany for World War I and imposed heavy debt payments on Germany. The Treaty of Versailles was a major contributing factor in the outbreak of the Second World War. The Treaty of Versailles got its name because the treaty was signed at the Palace of Versailles in France. Purpose of Treaty of Versailles? it was a treaty of Versailles.
The Treaty of Versailles held Germany responsible for starting the war and imposed harsh penalties in terms of loss of territory, massive reparations payments and demilitarization. President Woodrow Wilson had outlined in his famous Fourteen Points in early , the Treaty of Versailles humiliated Germany while failing to resolve the underlying issues that had led to war in the first place.
Economic distress and resentment of the treaty within Germany helped fuel the ultra-nationalist sentiment that led to the rise of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party , as well as the coming of a World War II just two decades later. In a speech to Congress in January , Wilson laid out his idealistic vision for the post-war world. This organization eventually became known as the League of Nations. Free trade should exist among all nations, putting an end to economic barriers between countries.
When German leaders signed the armistice ending hostilities in World War I on November 11, , they believed this vision articulated by Wilson would form the basis for any future peace treaty.
This would not prove to be the case. The Paris Peace Conference opened on January 18, , a date that was significant in that it marked the anniversary of the coronation of German Emperor Wilhelm I, which took place in the Palace of Versailles at the end of the Franco-Prussian War in In , France and its prime minister, Georges Clemenceau, had not forgotten the humiliating loss, and intended to avenge it in the new peace agreement.
He sought heavy reparations from Germany as a way of limiting German economic recovery after the war and minimizing this possibility. Lloyd George, on the other hand, saw the rebuilding of Germany as a priority in order to reestablish the nation as a strong trading partner for Great Britain. Wilson opposed Italian territorial demands, as well as previously existing arrangements regarding territory between the other Allies; instead, he wanted to create a new world order along the lines of the Fourteen Points.
The other leaders saw Wilson as too naive and idealistic, and his principles were difficult to translate into policy. In the end, the European Allies imposed harsh peace terms on Germany, forcing the nation to surrender around 10 percent of its territory and all of its overseas possessions. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, , exactly five years after the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of the war.
Though the treaty included a covenant creating the League of Nations, an international organization aimed at preserving peace, the harsh terms imposed on Germany helped ensure that peace would not last for long.
Germans were furious about the treaty, seeing it as a diktat , or dictated peace; they bitterly resented the sole blame of war being placed at their feet. Keynes was only one prominent critic of the Treaty of Versailles. Congress failed to ratify the treaty, and later concluded a separate peace with Germany; the United States would never join the League of Nations. Department of State: Office of the Historian.
But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. In January , two months after the fighting in World War I ceased, a conference was convened at Versailles, the former country estate of the French monarchy outside Paris, to work out the terms of a peace treaty to officially end the conflict.
Though representatives of nearly President Woodrow Wilson in his famous Fourteen Points. But from the moment the leaders of the With the November 11, In the Treaty of Paris, the British Crown formally By terms of the treaty, all conquered territory was to be returned, and commissions were planned to settle the boundary of the United States On August 5, , representatives of the United States, Soviet Union and Great Britain signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited the testing of nuclear weapons in outer space, underwater or in the atmosphere.
The treaty, which President John F. Kennedy signed The war had begun almost two years earlier, in May , over a territorial dispute involving Texas. The treaty added an additional , square miles to The instability created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict—World War II—which broke out two decades later and would prove even more devastating.
Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler capitalized on economic woes, popular discontent and political infighting to take absolute power in Germany beginning in Live TV.
This Day In History. History Vault. The Fourteen Points In a speech to Congress in January , Wilson laid out his idealistic vision for the post-war world. Diplomacy should be public, with no secret treaties. All nations should enjoy free navigation of the seas. All countries should reduce arms in the name of public safety. Fair and impartial rulings in colonial claims.
Restore Russian territories and freedom. Belgium should be restored to independence. Alsace-Lorraine should be returned to France and France should be fully liberated. People living in Austria-Hungary should be granted self-determination. The Balkan states should also be guaranteed self-determination and independence. Turks and those under Turkish rule should be granted self-determination. An independent Poland should be created.
A general association of nations must be formed to mediate international disputes. Carter Signs the Panama Canal Treaty. Truman Signs the North Atlantic Treaty.
Signs Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The Treaty of Versailles Punished Defeated Germany With These Provisions In January , two months after the fighting in World War I ceased, a conference was convened at Versailles, the former country estate of the French monarchy outside Paris, to work out the terms of a peace treaty to officially end the conflict.