What was the purpose of the platt amendment08.04.2021
The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, 1901
Platt Amendment, rider appended to the U.S. Army appropriations bill of March , stipulating the conditions for withdrawal of U.S. troops remaining in Cuba since the Spanish-American War and molding fundamental Cuban-U.S. relations until Formulated by the secretary of war, Elihu Root, the amendment was presented to the Senate by Sen. Orville H. Platt of Connecticut. Approved on May 22, , the Platt Amendment was a treaty between the U.S. and Cuba that attempted to protect Cuba's independence from foreign intervention. It permitted extensive U.S. involvement in Cuban international and domestic affairs for the enforcement of Cuban independence.
Acting under the instruction of the Virginia Convention, Richard Henry Lee on June 7,introduced a resolution in the Second Continental Congress proposing independence for the colonies. The Lee Resolution contained three parts: a declaration of independence, a call to form foreign alliances, and "a plan for confederation.
On June hhe,the Congress appointed three concurrent committees in response to the Lee Resolution: one to draft a declaration of independence, a second to draw up a plan "for forming foreign alliances," and a third to "prepare and digest the form of a confederation. Because many members of the Congress believed action such as Lee proposed to be premature or wanted instructions from their colonies before voting, approval was deferred until July how to catch big fishes. On that date, Congress amendmrnt the first part the declaration.
The affirmative votes of 12 colonies are listed at the right. The plan for tne treaties was not approved until September of ; the plan of confederation was delayed amrndment November of Information excerpted from National Archives Education Staff. The Constitution: Evolution of a Government. How to use citation info. Find out which documents We, The People, chose in a recent vote as the most influential in U. Our Documents: Milestone Documents from the National Archives is filled with photos and info on all documents.
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What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment? Answers: 3 Show answers Another question on History. History, What ideas, institution, and causes became the focal points of chinese and islamic resistance respectively to the west in the latter half of 19th century and the first decades of the 20th. What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment? Get the answers you need, now! isabellabringhurst20 isabellabringhurst20 17 minutes ago History High School What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment? isabellabringhurst20 is waiting for your help. Add your answer and earn points. The Platt Amendment, an amendment to a U.S. army appropriations bill, established the terms under which the United States would end its military occupation of Cuba (which had begun in during the Spanish-American War) and "leave the government and control of the island of Cuba to its people." While the amendment was named after Senator Orville Platt of Connecticut, it was .
It defined the terms of Cuban—U. On June 12, , Cuba amended its constitution to contain, word for word, the seven applicable demands of the Platt Amendment. On May 22, , Cuba entered into a treaty with the United States to make the same required seven pledges: the Cuban—American Treaty of Relations of The Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of replaced the Treaty of Relations, and dropped three of the seven pledges.
The Treaty of Relations was used as justification for the Second Occupation of Cuba from to On September 29, , Secretary of War and future U. The Platt Amendment was an addition to the earlier Teller Amendment , which had previously limited US involvement in Cuba relating to its treatment after the war, particularly in preventing its annexation which had been proposed by various expansionist political entities within the US.
Some historians have questioned Teller's intentions, claiming that the real motive behind the resolution was to protect American beet sugar growers from Cuban competition.
Tasked with balancing Cuban independence with American desires to control Cuban politicians deemed unfit for self-governance, they established The Platt Amendment to maintain public order and turn Cuba into a "self-governing colony".
General Leonard Wood used the financial resources of the Cuban treasury to create sanitation systems. Platt on February 25, Senate by a vote of 43 to 20, and although it was initially rejected by the Cuban assembly, the amendment was eventually accepted by a vote of 16 to 11 with four abstentions and integrated into the Cuban Constitution.
The Platt Amendment outlined the role of the United States in Cuba and the Caribbean, limiting Cuba's right to make treaties with other nations and restricting Cuba in the conduct of foreign policy and commercial relations. Preamble: For the recognition of the independence of the people of Cuba, demanding that the Government of Spain relinquish its authority and government in the island of Cuba, and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters, and directing the President of the United States to use the land and naval forces of the United States to carry these resolutions into effect, the President is hereby authorized to "leave the government and control of the island of Cuba to its people" so soon as a government shall have been established in said island under a constitution which, either as a part thereof or in an ordinance appended thereto, shall define the future relations of the United States with Cuba.
That the government of Cuba shall never enter into any treaty or other compact with any foreign power or powers which will impair or tend to impair the independence of Cuba, nor in any manner authorize or permit any foreign power or powers to obtain by colonization or for military or naval purposes or otherwise, lodgement in or control over any portion of said island. That said government shall not assume or contract any public debt, to pay the interest upon which, and to make reasonable sinking fund provision for the ultimate discharge of which, the ordinary revenues of the island, after defraying the current expenses of government shall be inadequate.
That the government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty, and for discharging the obligations with respect to Cuba imposed by the treaty of Paris on the United States, now to be assumed and undertaken by the government of Cuba.
That all Acts of the United States in Cuba during its military occupancy thereof are ratified and validated, and all lawful rights acquired thereunder shall be maintained and protected.
That the government of Cuba will execute, and as far as necessary extend, the plans already devised or other plans to be mutually agreed upon, for the sanitation of the cities of the island, to the end that a recurrence of epidemic and infectious diseases may be prevented, thereby assuring protection to the people and commerce of Cuba, as well as to the commerce of the southern ports of the United States and the people residing therein.
That the Isle of Pines shall be omitted from the proposed constitutional boundaries of Cuba, the title thereto being left to future adjustment by treaty. That to enable the United States to maintain the independence of Cuba, and to protect the people thereof, as well as for its own defense, the government of Cuba will sell or lease to the United States lands necessary for coaling or naval stations at certain specified points to be agreed upon with the President of the United States.
That by way of further assurance the government of Cuba will embody the foregoing provisions in a permanent treaty with the United States.
After U. Following acceptance of the amendment, the United States ratified a tariff that gave Cuban sugar preference in the U. Workers on the mill were in constant fear of eviction, with cheap imported labour from other parts of the Caribbean keeping wages very low and the prices for independent cane pushed down to a minimum. In addition, the mills monopolised the railroads and ran them for private benefit. The lack of consumer purchasing power and the limited market available for manufactured goods meant that little industrialisation would occur in the decade after the Treaty of Relations.
He was re-elected in despite accusations of fraud from his liberal opponents, but was forced to resign along with the rest of the executive when opposition against his rule turned violent. Political instability and frequent American occupation through the early s meant that legitimate constitutional rule was increasingly difficult to come about.
Though Cuban citizens enjoyed an improved standard of living in this period, Article 40 of the Cuban Constitution and Article III of the Platt Amendment meant that constitutional rights could be suspended under emergency provisions. The Platt Amendment was a major blow to hopes of social advancement for Afro-Cubans, who hoped that their participation in the Spanish-American War would mean equality with the white planters and commercial elites of Cuba.
Tensions between Afro-Cubans and U. The PIC's call for limited armed protests would eventually spark the Negro Rebellion of which killed between 3, and 6, and led to the PIC dissolving afterwards. Women activists were also disappointed by the result of the Platt Amendment's conditions. As with Afro-Cubans, women played important roles in the Cuban independence movement and were characterised as 'mambisas', or courageous warrior mothers symbolising the struggle for social justice.
The long-term lease of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base continues. The Cuban government since has strongly denounced the treaty as a violation of Article 52 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties ,  which declares a treaty void if procured by the threat or use of force. However, Article 4 of the Vienna Convention states that its provisions shall not be applied retroactively.
Historian Louis A. Perez Jr. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Platt Amendment Long title An Act Making appropriation for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and two. Platt Amendment. History: Military Government of Cuba established by Maj. John R. Brooke, December 28, , as a consequence of U.
Spanish colonial administration formally terminated, January 1, Republic of Cuba established by transfer of sovereignty, May 20, Taft as Provisional Governor of Cuba. Taft succeeded as Provisional Governor by Charles E. Magoon, October 13, Military government terminated January 28, Taft in Cuba". Retrieved Hispanic Division Library of Congress. Mora, Frank Neighborly Adversaries 3rd edition. Our Documents. Retrieved 24 January Cuba: The Pursuit of Freedom.
New York: Harper and Hugh. American University International Law Review. Contributions in Black Studies. The Modern Language Review. JSTOR United Nations Treaty Collection. Cuba Under the Platt Amendment, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Cuba topics. Governance Security Economy. Cuba—United States relations. National Revolutionary Police Force. Society Culture. Demographics People. Architects Artists Athletes baseball players Painters abstract Writers women.
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An Act Making appropriation for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and two. Chapter , 31 Stat. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Platt Amendment.